Imagine there’s no Sgt Pepper. It’s all too easy in the era of Trump and May | John Harris

13 hours ago

This great Beatles album is as thrilling a listen as ever on its 50 th anniversary: but its a melancholy day for the one-world counterculture the record soundtracked

At the time Sgt Pepper was released, the American writer Langdon Winner once recalled, I happened to be driving across the country on Interstate 80. In each city where I stopped for gas or food Laramie, Ogallala, Moline, South Bend the tunes wafted in from some far-off transistor radio or portable hi-fi For a brief while, the irreparably fragmented consciousness of the west was unified, at the least in the minds of the young.

How far away it all seems. On 26 May the 50th anniversary of the Beatles Sgt Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band( it actually falls on 1 June) is likely to be marked by the release of remixed and repackaged versions of the original album. With his characteristically jolly meeknes, Paul McCartney insists in the latest issue of Mojo magazine that its only a record but its gained in notoriety over the years. The truth is that Sgt Pepper might be the most confident, boundary-pushing record British rock musicians had already been generated, and it is worth revisiting again.

We might also think about the era the album crystallised, and its long legacy. Sgt Pepper is not quite the quintessentially psychedelic, love-and-peace artefact of historical cliche: streaked through its multicoloured astonish is a very Beatle-ish various kinds of melancholy, partly rooted in the bands decidedly unpsychedelic postwar childhoods. But the wider culture moment, and the Beatles place at its heart, were indeed replete with beads, buzzers and a wide-eyed optimism.

Three weeks after the album came out, the band were the biggest attraction in the worlds first global satellite TV demonstrate, singing All You Need Is Love to an audience of as many as 350 million. Meanwhile, on both the US west coast and in swinging London, young people on the cutting edge genuinely were trying to push into a future very different from the one their parents had envisaged.

The so-called counterculture may not initially have reached much beyond its urban nerve centres and campuses. But the basic ideas Sgt Pepper soundtracked soon acquired enough influence to begin no end of social revolutions. A new emphasis on self-expression was manifested in the decisive arrival of feminism and gay liberation. Countries and borders came a distant second to the idea of one world.

Such shibboleths as matrimony until death and a job for life were quickly weakened. Once the leftist unrest of 1968 was out of the way, the shift continued away from the old-fashioned politics of systems and social structures towards the idea of freeing ones mind everything coloured with an essentially optimistic position of the future.

Two years after Sgt Peppers release, a young alumnu at Wellesley College, a women-only institution in Massachusetts, dedicated a speech. Our persisting acquisitive and competitive corporate life, including tragically the universities, is not the way of life for us, she said. Were searching for more immediate, ecstatic, and penetrating modes of living. And so our topics, our questions about our institutions, about our colleges, about our churches, about our government continue.

Her name was Hillary Rodham, and her journey says a lot about where 1960 s values eventually resulted us. To quote the music novelist Charles Shaar Murray, the line from hippy to yuppie was not nearly as convoluted as some people subsequently liked to believe and once the love decades more ambitious alumni reached positions of power, the origin of many of their notions was as clear as day.

Their professed distaste for corporate values fell away, but the hippy individualism summed up in the future Hillary Clintons insistence on immediate and ecstatic ways of life lived on, as did a questioning attitude to tradition, and to the stifling the limit of the old-fashioned nation state.

After the anti-6 0s backlash symbolised by Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan, by the mid-9 0s such notions were shaping a new political establishment, exemplified by Bill Clinton, and Blair and Browns New Labour. I am a modern man, from the rocknroll generation. The Beatles, colour TV, thats my generation, said Blair. Clinton honked away at his saxophone and ended his rallies with a song by Fleetwood Mac.

It is not hard to read across from these legislators ideals to what they soaked up in their formative years. In 2005 Blair, who fronted a long-haired band while at Oxford University, told the Labour party conference that people should be swift to adapt, slow to complain open, willing and able to change. Collectivity was yesterdays thing; against a background of globalisation and all-enveloping liberalism, governments task was to encourage people to be as flexible and self-questioning as possible.

John Lennons response to the rebels of 68: the Beatles build Revolution rock

Go back 50 years, and you perhaps hear early stirrings of those ideas, soaked in patchouli petroleum and put to tape at EMIs Abbey Road studios. Try George Harrisons Indian-flavoured Within You Without You: Try to realise its all within yourself/ No one else can construct you change . Or what about John Lennons response to the rebels of 68 in Revolution( on the so-called White Album )? You tell me its the institution/ Well, you know/ Youd better free your intellect instead . As for a picture of globalised utopia, after the Beatles had broken up, Lennon released that saccharine anthem Imagine, with its key line: Imagine theres no countries .

And now? If youre a citizen of the world, youre a citizen of nowhere, says our new “ministers “. If we do indeed live in the post-liberal times endlessly analysed in academic papers, it is the inheritance of the 60 s that is in question. For sure, many of the changes that originated then have become irreversibly embedded in millions of lives. Positions to marriage, sexuality and matters such as race are seemingly more liberal than ever; wherever you go, youre never very far from the whiff of marijuana smoke.

But the dominance of post-6 0s individualism and globalisation is being weakened by the resurgence of collective identities meant to have withered away: class, nation, region. And if the events of 2016 and 2017 are anything to go by, political success now often goes to people whose values seem the polar opposite of the old counterculture.

Duty, nationhood, and regular trips to church: whatever values Theresa May affects to represent, they are surely redolent of a world that existed long before the 1960 s( consider also her parliamentary record, which includes votes against equalising the age of permission, lesbian adoption and the repeal of section 28 ).

Last year, a New York Post article contrasted Hillary Clintons embodiment of the campus 1960 s with the sense that Donald Trump was an unexpected throwback to the Rat Pack, those macho exemplars of everything the hippies wanted to sweep away. Trump, said the author, represented pre-Feminist Man, the guy who boasts about never having changed a nappy and expects subservience from his wives.

Sgt Pepper arrived two decades after the second world wars objective: approximately the same historical distance that separates the Brexit/ Trump age from the high point of the Clinton/ Blair era. Devote a 21 st-century polish, the albums music voices as thrilling as ever, though with a bittersweet sense of a credo abruptly falling victim to a counter-revolution.

On the last track of the old side two, the bell-like piano chords that begin A Day in the Life are applied to sound like the death knell of all the inward-looking, fusty, moralistic ideas the Beatles came to do away with. How strange to tune in half a century afterwards and find all that stuff back with a vengeance.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Human skull found in California shop but ‘there’s nothing sinister’, police say

Yesterday

Authorities say theres no evidence of homicide but its a question of whether the skull and maybe eight others were acquired properly

Authorities have found one human skull and eight receptacles with potentially more at a Los Angeles-area shop that sells spiritual items.

Los Angeles County sheriffs captain Steve Katz says deputies responded to the Compton business Friday after a woman complained of animal cruelty.

When investigators arrived, Katz says they found a skull inside a pot. He says the coroners office collected the skull and eight other pots that may also contain skulls. The sheriffs department said in a statement that they wanted to learn whether the bones were legally possessed skeletal specimens.

There is nothing sinister here, Katz told the Los Angeles Times. The skull and possible eight other skulls in ships were being used in Santeria. The topic is were the skeletal remains acquired appropriately.

Katz says theres no evidence of a homicide and that it appears the skull may have been purchased from a legal source and was being used for a religion rite. He says its unclear whether animal remains were found.

The sign outside the store reads Omi Relekun and describes itself in Spanish as a spiritual store and school.

Santeria developed out of the beliefs of west African slaves, brought to the Caribbean in the 16 th century, integrated within indigenous different religions and Catholicism. The religion includes ritual animal sacrifices, usually of chickens or a goats. Katz said police went to the store because of reports of animal brutality, which they are still investigating.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Barack Obama says Donald Trump may have ‘enough craziness’ to be president

5 days ago

In a wide-ranging interview, the US president tells ABC he thinks Obamacare will survive Republican repeal attempts

Barack Obama believes Donald Trump is very engage and gregarious and not lacking in confidence, to the point where he may have enough craziness to think[ he] can do the job. But he wont say if he likes him.

The US president spoke to ABC This Week host George Stephanopoulos, in a wide-ranging interview that was recorded on Friday.

The conversation included reflections on Obamas time in the White House, which ends with Trumps inauguration on 20 January, his achievements and letdowns in domestic and foreign policy and his expectations regarding his legacy.

Asked if he guesses his Obamacare health reform, his chief domestic accomplishment, will survive a Trump presidency and a Republican-controlled Congress, he said: I think it will.

Questioned about the president-elects controversial stance to intelligence agencies faith that Russia intervened in the US election on his behalf, and favourable statements about Russia and its president, Obama counselled trust in such agencies.

We have to remind ourselves were on the same squad, he said. Vladimir Putins not on our team.

Stephanopoulos asked Obama what he had tried to impress on Trump since the Republican victory over Hillary Clinton in November.

The conversations have been cordial, Obama said. He has been open to suggestions, and the main thing that Ive tried to transmit is that theres a difference between governing and campaigning.

Trump has spoken favourably of such conversations with Obama, although he just said, in a typically incautious tweet, that he was trying to disregard the many inflammatory President O statements and roadblocks. Thought it was going to be a smooth transition – NOT!

Obama, spoke of his familiar measured tones, said Trump would soon be in charge of the largest organisation on earth which he would not be able to manage[ in] the style you would manage a family business.

Trump is due to hold a press conference his first since July on Wednesday, to outline routes in which he intends to lessen or avoid conflicts of interest between his business empire, members of his family and his new political role.

Stephanopoulos asked how Trump had impressed Obama so far.

You know, the president said, he is somebody who I think is very engaging and gregarious.

Do you like him, Stephanopoulos asked.

You know, Ive enjoyed the conversations that weve had, Obama said. He is somebody who I think is not lacking in confidence, which is probably a prerequisite for the job, or at the least you have to have enough craziness to think that you can do the job.

I is considered that he has not spent a lot of time sweating a detailed description of, you know, all the policies

Asked if that fretted him, Obama said he saw himself more at the policy wonk end of the spectrum, and said a lack of familiarity with policy details could be both a strength and a weakness for Trump.

I think its fair to say that he and I are sort of opposites in some ways, he added.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

On final Ukraine trip, Biden urges Trump administration to keep Russia sanctions

9 days ago

Comments while meeting with Ukraines president came after Trump indicated he could aim Crimea-related sanctions in return for a nuclear arms reduction deal

Vice-president Joe Biden, on a last foreign journey before leaving office, fulfilled Ukraines president on Monday and called on the incoming Donald Trump administration to retain Ukraine-related sanctions against Russia.

Bidens comments at a briefing with Petro Poroshenko came after Trump indicated in an interview with the Times and Bild that he could aim sanctions imposed in the aftermath Russias 2014 annexation of Crimea, in return for a nuclear arms reduction bargain.

Trumps attitude to Russia and praise for Vladimir Putin has been a consistently controversial feature of his rise to the White House, which will be completed with his inauguration in Washington on Friday.

US intelligence agencies believe Russia sought to covertly influence the US election in Trumps favour and against the Democratic nominee, former secretary of state Hillary Clinton. Trump has recently admitted that he believes Russia did orchestrate such hackers, but has nonetheless fuelled a bitter feud with intelligence officials over the issue.

The international community must continue to stand as one against Russian coercion and aggression, Biden told reporters, standing alongside Poroshenko, in remarks which did not include reference to Trump by name.

The Crimea-related sanctions against Russia must remain in place until Russia returns full control to the people of Ukraine.

Russia annexed Crimea in 2014. Other US sanctions are connected to Russias involvement in the separatist war in eastern Ukraine.

Together with our EU and G7 partners, Biden said, we made it clear that sanctions should remain in place until Russia fully, emphasise fully, enforces its commitments under the Minsk agreement.

Poroshenko said Ukraine believed in good cooperation with the new US administration and urged sanctions to stay, without mentioning Trumps statements on a deal with Russia.

Andy Hunder, the head of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine, said Kiev would have to put much time and resources into dealing with the new US administration.

On 20 January Ukraine will be waking up to a new reality, he told Reuters. There is a concern in Kiev about how the new relationship will develop. It will require constructing new bridges to the influencers, the gatekeepers and decision-makers.

Kiev has taken steps to win the very best favour of the those calling the shoots in the Trump administration. Days after the election in November, Poroshenkos office started planning an official visit to Washington in early 2017.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Attiya Khan: why I tackled the boyfriend who beat me- and made a film about it

1 month, 5 days ago

For the two years Attiya Khan was with Steve, he abused her daily. So why did she choose to make a documentary about an experience that nearly killed her?

Attiya Khan was 16 and a high-school student in Ottawa when she began dating Steve. He was a year older, he was funny, he was smart, he was her first real boyfriend. They started living together almost immediately- and the experience nearly killed her.

For the two years they were together, Steve abused Khan daily. He punched her, he hurled racist slurs against her, he strangled her until she passed out. She was often afraid for her life. Aged 18, Khan operated from the relationship; literally kicked off her heels and ran. And then, 20 years later, in 2013, Khan stopped running. Instead she sat down with Steve in front of a camera and asked: why? Why had he hurt her? Was he sorry for what he’d done?

The result of Khan’s conversations with Steve is A Better Man: an intensely personal documentary that’s often difficult to watch. But the movie isn’t just about one female, about one relationship: it’s a call to action for abusive humen to stand up and take responsibility for their fury and their actions. Before the film’s debut in New York on November 15, as part of the annual documentary film festival DOC NYC, I spoke to Khan via email.

I guess the first question a lot of people might have when hearing about your movie is why you would you want to talk to a human who violently abused you. What constructed you decide to talk to Steve?

I had been bumping into Steve every few years since escaping from him. These encounters were short and we mostly just had small talk. There was one time, around 10 years after leaving him, where Steve asked me to sit down with him and I concurred. We sat in a coffeehouse and he merely cried and recurred “I’m sorry” over and over again. I did not say much. I was waiting for him to say more. I wanted to know what he was sorry for.

Something shifted in me after this. I realized how likely it was that he had been affected by the violence he used against me. This led me to asking him if he would participate in A Better Man. At the beginning, I didn’t know what I would get out of these conversations, I just knew I needed and wanted to have them. I wanted Steve to know in detail what he had done to me and how it has affected every day of my life. It’s time for people who have harmed others to step up and be accountable for their harmful behaviors. It’s also time for people who have experienced violence to have more options to find security, mending and justice.

What did your conversations with Steve teach you about the sources of male violence and aggression?

We know that a lot of people who hurt others were hurt themselves at some phase, which doesn’t excuse their choices to use violence( after all, many people who experience violence growing up do not go on to abuse others ), but it does offer some context. Steve’s own experience of violence before he gratified me influenced his use of violence against me. At one point in the film, Steve says that he use violence to keep me at his side. He was afraid to lose me. Fear is not an emotion that many humen feel comfy expressing. Fear constructs you vulnerable, and most boys and men are learned how to never indicate vulnerability. They’re taught they should always be in control, and often they’re taught to take control by dominating other people. Although it isn’t easy to accept, it does make sense to me that Steve responded to his own anxiety by trying to control me.

You frame A Better Man as a” film that changes the conversation on violence against girls “. Could you explain that change a little more ?

Before I made this film, I worked as a counselor for women fleeing violence. My work in this field has inspired me so much, but it also stimulates me angry how much weight females have had to carry in the movement to end violence against us. If we don’t carry that weight, who will? I think hearing from people who are working to end their violence, and the people who are helping them change, shifts some of the weight off the shoulders of survivors and reminds us all where the responsibility to stop violence actually lies.

How did stimulating the film affect your PTSD ?

During the making of the film I started to heal. Every day I would sit down with Steve, I would feel some of my ache, decades of pain stored in my body being lifted. I felt this change even when Steve did not say or recollect much. This had an impact on my life in major ways. I don’t have nightmares any more. I feel safer leaving the house. When I’m out, I’m not always expecting to be hurt by him or others. I don’t spend as much time thinking about potential dangerous the status and how I would get out of them. I feel more relaxed and am enjoying life more.

Did you ever is considered that Steve should have faced prison time ?

The criminal court system is one track to justice, which is heavily focused on punishment. In my suit, punishment was not what I wanted. Some of us don’t want the person or persons we care for to go to prison, even though we really want the violence to stop.

I also don’t think the threat of prison is always successful in get people to take responsibility for harm they’ve caused. In many cases, people end up denying harm that they know they’ve caused in order to avoid prison. The criminal court system wouldn’t have asked me what I needed to move forward and how the damage could have been repaired. There also isn’t much focus within the criminal court system on rehabilitation and helping those who have harmed others move towards a life without violence. This doesn’t make sense to me.

Attiya
Attiya Khan with Steve, in their late teenage years. Photo: Attiya Khan& Lawrence Jackman

What has the process of making this documentary teach you about restorative justice versus traditionally bred different forms of penalty?

There’s no single pathway to justice that will work for every survivor, which is why I think we need access to as many pathways as is practicable. When it’s doing well, restorative justice necessitates the person who did the harm to listen and acknowledge the hurt they’ve caused to others, and to try to repair the harm on words laid out by the person they hurt. I don’t think facing the damage we’ve caused is very easy for most people. Many of us run from these truths about ourselves for as long as we can, because of the shame to participate in confronting them.

Restorative justice does require some involvement from the survivor, so they can situate terms that work for them- although it doesn’t have to be face-to-face, and friends, family and facilitators help share the emotional labor. This type of process suited me because I wanted to have some control, I wanted to ask Steve questions in person and I wanted my own needs to be centered, which wouldn’t have been the case if I had pursued justice in the criminal system.

What steps do you think humen- all men , not just abusive men- should be doing to help prevent male aggressivenes and domestic violence cases ?

A lot more people engage in abusive behavior than we might gues. It may not be physical abuse, and it may be occasional rather than a pattern, but abusive or hurtful behavior in relationships is common. Manipulating our partner to try and “win” an argument can be abusive. Excessive resentment can be abusive. I think if we were all willing to look at our own behavior more honestly, abuse would be much less common. Everyone is capable of causing harm.

We also have to be willing to look at our friends and family more honestly, and tell them when we have concerns about their behaviour. It can be helpful for men to have supportive spaces to talk about these things- I think it can be hard for a lot of men to have emotionally vulnerable conversations with each other. My squad generated a discussion guide to assist groups of men to watch the cinema and discuss how it might apply to their own lives and relationship.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Turkish PM: coup suspects’ witnes points to Gulen’s involvement

1 month, 6 days ago

Binali Yldrm says country expects US to comply with extradition request for cleric, hinting confederation could be at risk otherwise

Turkeys prime minister has said that testimony from suspects detained in the aftermath of the attempted takeover has pointed to the direct involvement of Fethullah Glen, an exiled clergyman are stationed in Pennsylvania.

Binali Yldrm said the Turkish government had not yet requested Glens extradition, but would do so once the investigation was complete, with the expectation that Washington would comply with the request, hinting that the strategic alliance between the two countries could suffer if it did not.

Turkey and the US have had friendly, amicable relations, allies and strategic partners for a very long time, and we do not believe that they are going to stand by the leader of this terrorist organisation, Yldrm said.

Of course, since the leader of this terrorist organisation is residing in the United States there are question marks in the minds of the people whether there is any US involvement or backing, he said in an interview with the Guardian, taking care to note that Washington was not involved in the takeover attempt. So America from this phase on should really suppose how they will continue to cooperate with Turkey, which is a strategic ally for them in the region and world.

Turkey, a Nato member, last year agreed to allow the US to use its Incirlik airbase in the south-east of the country for bombing missions against the Islamic State terror group over the border in Syria.

The US secretary of state, John Kerry, has said the US would consider an extradition request for Glen if Turkey could render legitimate evidence that withstands scrutiny. Turkey has so far provided limited public evidence on the role of Glen and his Hizmet organisation, but Yldrm said it would make its case to Washington in a formal extradition request.

The files pertaining to their involvement in this takeover try have not been sent yet. They will be sent and will leave no doubt whatsoever as to their involvement in this.

During the attempted coup, military personnel commandeered fighter jets, tanks and attack helicopters in an attempt to overthrow the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoan, and his government. More than 200 people were killed and thousands wounded, with attacks by the takeover plotters against the parliament, police headquarters and “the member states national” intelligence building.

Rebel troops seized the nation Tv network and announced they had intervened to restore democracy but were ultimately pushed back after Erdoan called on the people to take to the streets and resist. Glen a former friend of Erdoan has vehemently denied any involvement.

Yildirim claimed that the testimony of takeover organisers who have been detained as well as members of the senior command who were taken hostage pointed to the clergymen central role.

He alleged that Gen Hulusi Akar, the chief of staff who was taken hostage during the takeover, was offered a direct dialogue with Glen in an effort to convince him to lead the coup attempt.

After having defeated this attack there were people who were taken into custody, people in soldiers uniforms, and they started immediately speaking out and confessing about what was happening. They were singing like humming birds, as we say in Turkish, Yldrm said.

From the initial statements we understood this was a coup endeavor they were plotting for a very long time and they were going step by step taking relevant measures […] when they kidnapped and took captive members of the general joint chiefs of staff, they said to him that they could call the leader of this terrorist organisation, Fethullah Glen, and arrange a telephone conversation with him so he can also join their movement.

Since the defeat of the takeover, the Turkish government has declared emergency situations, partially withdrawing from the European convention on human rights and widening detention times. It has also ordered a purging of military, police, bureaucratic and academic institutions, resulting in thousands detained and tens of thousands fired or suspended from their jobs over suspected links to the Glenist movement.

Many schools and educational institutes as well as media organisations accused of links to the group have also been shut down. Critics have accused Erdoan of seeking to consolidate his power in the consequences of the the coup attempt.

Yldrm said Turkey would take proportional measures against the perpetrators of the takeover and rejected criticisms over the scale of the response. These people[ responsible for the takeover attempt] have been given uniforms and ranks and within those uniforms they are acting like terrorists, acting against citizens, they are killing them, bombing critical builds like the parliament and prime ministry and presidential offices.

What should we actually do to them? Should we tell them OK, yes, youre doing well, greet? Should we just tell them you shouldnt have done it? Should this be the posture? What are those people who are criticising our country expecting us to do?

Yldrm was in Istanbul when the takeover endeavor began, passing through the Bosphorus bridge 10 or 15 minutes before it was closed down by military officers, and after speaking with the governors of Ankara and Istanbul he decided to announce that a takeover attempt was under way, which he did on a private television channel.

He said he conferred with Erdoan, who was still in the holiday resort of Marmaris, soon afterwards and they agreed they had to call on citizens to come out on to the streets. He said this was the main reason the takeover failed. We concluded this was a coup endeavor against the nation itself, and we decided to call upon the nation to own their future and their country, he said.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

DTAG 1 TT DTAG 2 TT RTAG 1 TT IMG 1 TT HETAG 3 TT HETAG 4 TT Ammon Bundy is an ‘originalist’ just like Antonin Scalia, says defense

1 month, 8 days ago

Motion to dismiss charges against Oregon standoff leader call him a peaceful protester sharing constitutional opinions with the late supreme court justice

Oregon stalemate leader Ammon Bundy was a peaceful protester advocating the constitutional beliefs of US supreme court justices Clarence Thomas and the late Antonin Scalia, in agreement with the jailed activists formal defense filed on Monday.

Bundys motion to dismiss the federal charges that he led a violent conspiracy against the governmental forces with an armed occupation of a wildlife refuge lays the groundwork for a trial that could have a lasting impact on the controversial land-use movement in the west.

On 2 January, Bundy, 40, resulted a group of activists into the Malheur national wildlife refuge in eastern Oregon to protest the federal governments treatment of local ranchers. The protesters, some of whom were heavily armed, took over a number of public buildings at the refuge headquarters, launching a standoff with federal authorities that dragged on for 41 days.

Bundy and two-dozen other activists were eventually arrested and now face serious felony charges for using force and threats to impede the government, which could lead some of them to spend decades behind bars.

Contrasted with shallow and uninformed media portrayings and government hyperbole, Ammon is not an radical and is not a member of any militia, patriot group, or political land protest organization, Bundys attorneys wrote in the filing. Mr Bundy is not a … so-called sovereign citizen, and he does not hold anti-government views.

The new motion claims that Bundy identifies as a federalist and an originalist, meaning he believes the federal government has overstepped its authority by owning vast swaths of land in the west and has strayed beyond its limited jurisdiction the founders intended.

This is hardly a philosophy of extremism or violence, and has been championed on both sides of todays dominant political spectrum, Bundys attorneys wrote. Originalism is a constitutional approach and philosophy with its most well-known adherents being current United States supreme court justice Clarence Thomas[ and] the late Justice Antonin Scalia.

The filing also references Hugo Black, a liberal supreme court justice who also espoused originalist faiths.

Bundy and his adherents have long argued that the federal government does not have the authority to own and regulate the Malheur refuge, which is a federally protected bird sanctuary that the US Fish and Wildlife Service oversees.

The philosophy has spread among ranchers and activists in the west in recent years, propelled forward by Ammons father, Cliven Bundy, a Nevada rancher who received national attention for refusing to acknowledge federal authority on public lands by his ranch, culminating in a tense standoff in 2014.

Although constitutional experts, bolstered by a number of court decisions, are systematically refuted the Bundys claims and asserted the governments land-use authority, Ammons lawyers say the supreme court should specifically address whether Congress can forever retain the majority of the land within a State.

The federal government owns 53% of the land in Oregon.

The motion also notes that, over the past year, lawmakers in Utah have considered filing an expensive lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of federal land ownership.

Ammon Bundy identified alternative solutions way to raise the legal challenge, the filing says.

Its nothing radical or new, Mike Arnold, Bundys attorney, said in an interview Monday. Its a way of looking at the constitution in the context of the original words viewed through the intent of the founders.

The motion which argues that the case should be dismissed since the federal government lacks jurisdiction also claims that the occupation was a spontaneous protest and that the activists preserved the property in good condition, welcoming over a thousand guests including elected official, and prominent political leaders.

The fact that elected officials visited the protest site illustrates that it was a safe, peaceful place, Arnold said. And the protest was working to draw attention to a larger problem.

This depiction of the protest sharply contrasts the allegations of federal prosecutors, who have relied heavily on social media posts as evidence and presented the occupation as a coordinated and violent assault against the government, which left the refuge in terrible condition.

A spokesperson for the US district attorneys office did not immediately respond to a request for comment on Monday.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: ‘Can people please stop telling me feminism is hot? ‘

1 month, 11 days ago

The novelist has been accused of making equality mainstream: isnt that the phase? Plus an excerpt from her new Feminist Manifesto In Fifteen Suggestions

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie was in Lagos last summer, teaching a writing workshop as part of an annual schedule that considers her period divided between Nigeria and the US. For much of the year, Adichie lives in a town 30 minutes west of Baltimore, where her Nigerian-American spouse runs as a medic and the 39 -year-old writes in the quiet of a suburban home. When Adichie is in Nigeria, where her parents and extended family still live, she has a house in the vast city she considers with the complicated love and condescension of the part-time expat.

Its an ambivalence with which many Nigerians regard her, too; last year, the workshop ended in a question-and-answer session, during which a young man rose to ask the famous novelist a question. I used to love you, she recalls him saying. Ive read all your volumes. But since you started this whole feminism thing, and since you started to talk about this gay thing, Im simply not sure about you any more. How do you intend to keep the love of people like me?

Adichie and I are in a coffee shop near her home in the Baltimore suburbs. We have met before, a few years ago, when her third novel Americanah was published, a book that examines what it is to be a Nigerian woman living in the US, and that went on to win a National Book Critics Circle award. A plenty has happened since then. Half Of A Yellow Sun, Adichies second and most well known novel, about the Biafran war, has been built into a film starring Chiwetel Ejiofor and Thandie Newton. Her essay, We Should All Be Feminists, accommodated from her 2013 TEDx talk, has remained on the bestseller listings, particularly in Sweden, where in 2015 it was distributed to every 16 -year-old high-school student in the land. The talk was sampled by Beyonc in her ballad Flawless. Adichie has become the face of Boots No7 makeup. And she has had a baby, a daughter , now 15 months old.

Adichie is still somewhat in the blast zone , not entirely caught up on sleep, but has published a short book, Dear Ijeawele, Or A Feminist Manifesto In Fifteen Suggestions, an extended version of a letter to a friend who, after having her own baby girl, asked Adichies advice on how to raise her to be feminist. I have had twin girls myself since our last meeting, so I am curious about her approach , not least because one of my two-year-olds currently identifies as Bob the Builder and the other as Penelope Pitstop. I would like to equip them to be themselves, while defying whatever projections might be foisted upon them. We depict each other baby photos and smile. Welcome to the world of anxiety, Adichie says.

The success of We Should All Be Feminists has attained Adichie as prominent for her feminism as for her novels, to the extent that now I get invited to every damned feminist thing in countries around the world. She has always been an agony aunt of sorts, the unpaid therapist for my family and friends, but having the feminist label attached has changed things, and not only among her intimates. I was opened to a certain level of enmity that I hadnt experienced before as a novelist and public figure.

This is partly why she has written the new volume, to reclaim the word feminism from its abusers and misusers, a category within which she would include certain other progressives, and to lay down in plain, elegant English her beliefs about child-raising.

Dear Ijeawele is, in some way, a very basic situated of appeals; to be careful with speech( never say because you are a girl ), avoid gendered dolls, foster read, dont treat marriage as an accomplishment, reject likability. Her chore is not to induce herself likable, her job must therefore be her full self, she writes in reference to her friends daughter, a selection Adichie has come to elevate almost above any other.

That day in Lagos last summertime, her friends were furious at the cheek of the young mans topic, but she instead liked his courage and franknes in asking it. She replied in the same spirit. Keep your love, Adichie said. Because, sadly, while I love to be loved, I will not accept your love if it comes with these conditions.

Having a newborn has built Adichie believe differently about her own parents, especially her mother. Grace Adichie, who had six “childrens and” worked her way up from being a university administrator to the registrar, taught her daughter to love manner as well as volumes, and was a very cool mum whom she idolised as small children. Nonetheless, and in the manner of most snotty young adults, young Chimamanda went through a phase of being very superior to her mom. Now, the novelist looks at her daughter and gulps.

Adichie recently came across her own kindergarten reports. My father keeps them all. You know what the educator wrote? She is brilliant, but she refuses to do any run when shes rile. I was five years old. She laughs. I couldnt believe it. My husband couldnt believe it. I must have been an riling child.

Its not as if she comes from a family of revolutionaries. My mothers are not like that. Theyre conventional, reasonable, responsible, good, kind people. Im the crazy. But their love and subsistence made that crazy thrive.

Unlike Adichie, who was raised exclusively in Nigeria, her daughter will be raised in two cultures and subject to somewhat diverging social expectations. Already, Adichie says with a laugh, friends and relatives from home are concerned that her mothering is insufficiently stern.

A friend was just visiting and she said to me, Your parenting is not very Nigerian. In Nigeria and, I suppose, in many cultures you control children. And I feel like, my daughter is 15 months, she doesnt have a sense of consequences. And I enjoy watching her. So she tears a page of a volume? Whatever. She hurls my shoes down. So? Its fun. I love that shes quite strong-willed. The joke between Adichie and her husband whom, to her intense aggravation, their daughter looks much more like is that her character cleaves to the maternal side. He says to me, Well, at least we know where she got her personality from. Shes quite fierce.

In the new book, Adichies advice is not just to provide children with alternatives to empower boys and girls to understand there is no single style to be but also to understand that the only universal in this world is difference. In terms of the evolution of feminism, these are not new lessons, but that is rather Adichies phase. She is not writing for other feminist writers, and demonstrates some annoyance at what she sees as the solipsism of much feminist debate.

That morning, on the way to see her, I had read a review of a new volume by Jessa Crispin, entitled Why I Am Not A Feminist: A Feminist Manifesto, a criticism of everything that is wrong with feminism today. If one can get over the eye-rolling aspect of volumes by feminists decrying the feminism of other feminists for degrading the word feminist by being insufficiently feminist, the book does raise questions about where 1 should be focusing ones efforts.

Chiara
Fashion blogger Chiara Ferragni wears Adichies Dior T-shirt during Paris fashion week, January 2017. Photograph: Edward Berthelot/ Getty Images

The proposition is that feminism has become so mainstream as to be an empty marketing tool, a mere motto on a container or a T-shirt. Without being named, Adichie is implicated in this critique, given that last year she collaborated with Christian Dior on a T-shirt bearing the line We Should All Be Feminists; depending on ones view, this is either a perfect example of pointless sloganeering or a brilliant piece of preaching to the unconverted.

Im already irritated, Adichie says. This idea of feminism as a party to which merely a select few people get to come: this is why so many girls, particularly women of colour, feel alienated from mainstream western academic feminism. Because, dont we want it to be mainstream? For me, feminism is a movement for which the end goal is to make itself no longer needed. I suppose academic feminism is interesting in that it can give a language to things, but Im not terribly interested in debating words. I want people marriages to change for the better. I want females to walk into job interviews and be treated the same way as somebody who has a penis.

Still, one can see a theoretical obscenity about the Dior collaboration: the words of a movement that should be concerned with helping low-income females, used to promote and make money for a wealthy company. On the other hand: what is the damage?

Yes: whats the damage? Adichie says. I would even argue about the theoretically obscene. Theres a kind of self-righteousness to the ultra-left that is hard for me to stomach. Its approach to poverty can sometimes border on condescension. I often think that people who write a lot about poverty need to go and spend more time with poor people. I think about Nigerian women who can hardly afford anything but who love fashion. They have no fund, but they work it.

Adichie mentions a TV soap opera that used to run in Nigeria called The Rich Also Cry, a terrible drama series, she says, that was very popular. But sometimes I think about that title. So, the creative director of Christian Dior is patently a woman of some privilege. But does it then mean that she doesnt have gender-based problems in their own lives? Because she does. Does it mean she doesnt have this magnificent rage about gender injustice? Because she does. Wanting to utilize that slogan was it going to make the world a better place? No. But I think theres a level of consciousness-raising and a level of subversion that I like.

She doesnt believe it was a cynical marketing ploy? No. Sorry. Feminism is not that hot. I can tell you I would sell more volumes in Nigeria if I stopped and said Im no longer a feminist. I would have a stronger following, I would make more money. So when people say, Oh, feminisms a marketing gambit, it makes me laugh.

The bigger issue here is one of scope. Adichies irritation with aspects of what she supposes of as professional feminism is that it runs counter to her ideas as a novelist: that people contain multitudes. She is a brilliant novelist and a serious thinker, and she is also someone who constructs no apology for her own trivial interests. Life doesnt always follow ideology, she says. You might believe in certain things and life gets in and things just become messy. You know? I think thats the space that fiction, and having a bit more of an imaginative approach, builds. And that the feminist speaking circuit doesnt really make room for.

There is much in the new volume about doubled standards, including those governing the images of motherhood and fatherhood. I think we need to stop giving men cookies for doing what they should do, she says, and goes on to explain that her husband, who needs less sleep than her, tends to get up in the night to tend to the baby. On the one hand, I realise that my husband is unusual; on the other, I feel resentful when hes overpraised by my family and friends. Hes like Jesus.

He probably senses shes about to go off the deep end, I indicate, and Adichie smiles to acknowledge how impossible she is. I did all the physical work to produce her! Theres something basically wrong with the way weve constructed what it means to be female in the world.

Chimamanda
Photograph: Stephen Voss for the Guardian

This is something she writes about in a lovely passage of the new book about hair. As a child, Adichie and her sisters and every other girl she knew were routinely tortured with a metal comb to subdue their hair, something her brethren were spared. Im glad I wrote that, Adichie says. We had just come back from Lagos and my sister, God blesses her, had already had a talk with me about my daughters hair. She said, You need to do anything about it. With my family, theres an eye-roll and a here-we-go-again with her, and she said to me, Do you want me to send you a decide of combs? And I was like, No, thank you. And I know its going to keep pas. But , no, Im not going to conform in that style. Im not going to have my child go across pain because society expects a certain neatness. It happened to me, its not going to happen to her. And Im ready to have all the battles I need to have.

The original letter on which Dear Ijeawele is based has been shared on Facebook, and while Adichie was in Lagos, a woman whod read it approached her in a store and said, Heres my daughter, look at her hair. She had very loose cornrows that were not neat according to Nigerians. And she said, You inspired that. My daughter is happier, Im happier. And do you know, it was the highlighting of my month.

This is not just a question of image. It is also about time. Women have less day than men, in almost every arena, because their responsibilities to look or act a certain style are more onerous.

It is one of Adichies bugbears that as someone who loves style, she is by default not taken seriously. When Boots approached her to be the face of its No7 makeup range, she said yes, because she thought it might be fun; in the end, she says, it became vaguely alarming. I have no sadness, but you wake up one day and think, what the hell have I done? There were too many of these scenes everywhere. Her phase, however, is that its not that Im a feminist and made a strategic choice to speak about makeup and manner. Its that I was raised by Grace Adichie in a culture in which you care about how you look. Its a part of me I once concealed, because I felt that I had to to be serious. Now, Im only being who I am.

Recently, Adichies identity has been tested under new ways. I wonder if she is less has an impact on President Trump than an American, on the basis that she is less invested in the American story. Quite the contrary, she says. Because theres a part of me that needs a country I can think of as being one that largely works. Which is not a luxury that Nigeria can have. She laughs.

Someone said to me, Now that this is happening in the US, do “youre thinking about” moving back to Nigeria? And I believed , no, because its not any better there. I admire America. I dont think of myself as American Im not. So its not mine. But I admire it, and so theres a sense that this thing I built in my head, its been destroyed.

There is also, she says, something familiar about it all. American republic has never been tested. You might have disagreed ideologically with George W Bush, but he still kind of followed the rules. Here, it feels like Nigeria. It genuinely does. Its that feeling of political uncertainty that Im very familiar with, but not a impression I like. Its ugly. But even worse, because America is so powerful, and so much at the centre of the world, these things have consequences for everyone. Nigeria doesnt have that kind of reaching, so our problems remain our problems.

In January, Adichie and her husband joined the Womens March in DC. It was fleeting, and symbolic, she says, but it “ve given me” the smallest slice of hope. There are all of these people who seem to realise that America has changed by electing an unhinged person. On the other hand, theres a part of me thats very sceptical of too much sentimentality. I hope it translates into people organising and going out to vote.

Long before talking here penetrating the filter bubble, Adichie instinctively subscribed to rightwing blogs and newsletters. She was an early watcher of Fox News, until it became too unhinged and ridiculous. But she has carried on, because Im interested in ideological concerns and how people differ, and how we should build a society. Whats a welfare country? People who have less, are we responsible for them? I think we are. And I think I can make a selfish occurrence, which is apparently what appeals to people on the right. People on the left say we should do it because we should be kind. And people on the right think, Excuse me? But if you say to them, If these people dont get healthcare, they will go to the ER and your tax dollars will pay for it, suddenly they sit up.

Chimamanda
Adichie with her husband, Ivara Esege. Photo: DDAA/ ZOB/ Daniel Deme/ WENN

As a result of her reading, rightwing ideology is not something I think is evil, she says. Some. A bit. But, in general, I dont. I have friends who are good, kind people who are on the right. But Donald Trump is an exception. Its not an objection to a conservative, because I dont even think hes a conservative. My objection is an objection to chaos. Each time I turn on the news, Im holding my breath.

Trumps erosion of speech is one of the most frightening things about him, but even progressives, Adichie says, can be sloppy on this front. In response to her new book, a reporter emailed her the question: Why not humanism?( instead of feminism ). To which, she says, I thought, what part of the fucking volume did this person not read?

Its like the people who go around saying All Lives Matter, I say, in response to the Black Lives Matter movement. Right, which I find deeply offensive and very dishonest. Because we have to name something in order to fix it, which is why I insist on the word feminist or feminism.

This, she says, in spite of the fact that many of her friends, particularly black females, resist that word, because the history of feminism has been very white and has assumed girls meant white girls. Political debate in this country still does that. Theyll say, Women voted for … and then, Black people voted for … And I guess: Im black and a woman, so where do I fit in here?

As a result, Many of my friends who are not white will say, Im an intersectional feminist, or Im a womanist. And I have trouble with that word, because it has undertones of femininity as this mystical goddess-mother thing, which stimulates me uncomfortable. So we need a word. And my hope is we use feminism often enough that it starts to lose all the stigma and becomes this inclusive, diverse thing.

This is her goal and her defense, although she still doesnt find why she requires one. Her understanding of feminism is intertwined with her understanding that we all want to be more than one thing. And anyway, she repeats, Can people please stop telling me that feminism is hot? Because its not. Adichie looks excellently vexed. Honestly.

Beware feminism lite: an excerpt from Chimamanda Ngozi Adichies letter-turned-book, Dear Ijeawele

Be a full person. Motherhood is a glorious gift, but do not define yourself solely by it. You dont even have to love your job; you can simply love the confidence and self-fulfilment that come with doing and earning. Please reject the idea that motherhood and work are mutually exclusive. Our mothers worked full-time while we were growing up, and we turned out well at least you did; the jury is still out on me.

In these coming weeks of early motherhood, be kind to yourself. Ask for help. Expect to be helped. There is no such thing as a Superwoman. Parenting is about practise and love.

Give yourself room to fail. A new mom does not necessarily know how to pacify a crying newborn. Read volumes, seem things up on the internet, ask older parents, or just use trial and error. But, above all, take time for yourself. Nurture your own needs.

I have no interest in the debate about females doing it all, because it is a debate that assumes that caregiving and domestic work are singularly female domains, an idea that I strongly reject. Domestic run and caregiving should be gender-neutral, and we should be asking not whether a woman can do it all, but how best to support parents in their dual responsibilities at work and at home.

Chimamanda
Photograph: Stephen Voss for the Guardian

Beware the danger of what I call Feminism Lite; the idea of conditional female equality. Being a feminist is like being pregnant. You either are or you are not. You either believe in the full equality of men and women, or you do not.

Teach your daughter to question speech. A friend of mine says she will never call her daughter princess. The word is loaded with hypothesis, of a girls delicacy, of the prince who will come to save her. This friend favor angel and superstar. So decide the things you will not told me to your child. You know that Igbo joke, are applied to pester girls who are being childish What are you doing? Dont you know you are old enough to find a spouse? I used to say that often. But now I choose not to. I say, You are old enough to find a job. Because I do not believe that marriage is something we should teach young girls to aspire to.

Try not to use words like misogyny and patriarchy. We feminists can sometimes be too jargony. Teach her that if you criticise X in women but do not criticise X in humen, you do not have a problem with X, “youve got a problem” with women. For X please insert words like fury, ambition, loudness, stubbornness, coldness, ruthlessness.

Do you remember how we laughed and laughed at an abysmally written piece about me some years ago? The novelist had accused me of being angry, as though being angry were something to be ashamed of. Of course I am angry. I am angry about racism. I am angry about sexism. But I lately came to the realisation that I am angrier about sexism than I am about racism. Because in my rage about sexism, I often feel lonely. Because I love, and live among, many people who easily recognise race injustice but not gender injustice.

Teach your daughter to topic men who can have empathy for women only if they consider them as relational rather than as individual equal humen. Men who, when discussing rape, will say something like, If it were my daughter or wife or sister. Yet such humen do not need to imagine a male victim of crime as two brothers or son in order to feel empathy.

Teach her, too, to question the idea of women as a special species. I once heard an American politician, in his bid to show his support for women, speak of how women should be adored and championed a sentiment that is all too common. Tell her that girls dont need to be championed and venerated; they just need to be treated as equal human beings.

This is a condensed and edited extract from Dear Ijeawele, Or A Feminist Manifesto In Fifteen Suggestions, by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, published on Tuesday by Fourth estate at 10. To order a copy for 8.50, go to bookshop.theguardian.com

This article was amended on 4 March 2017. It originally referred to Lagos as Nigerias capital. This has now been corrected .

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Donald Trump’s ‘day of patriotic devotion’ has echoes of North Korea

1 month, 12 days ago

US chairpeople inauguration day proclamation utilizes speech uttered by Kim Jong-un in speeches to military and in the secretive countries propaganda

Donald Trump has echoed North Koreas leader, Kim Jong-un, after declaring that the day of his inauguration should be a national day of patriotic devotion a rallying cry that would not be out of place in the secretive nations propaganda.

Trumps proclamation, which was made official on Monday, has been uttered by Kim in speeches to his 1.2 million-strong military and members of the ruling Korean Workers party in recent years.

In an address to a military parade in Pyongyang on 10 October 2015 the partys 70 th anniversary Kim thanked the heroic men and women of the army and security services who, in hearty response to the partys appeal, have worked with patriotic love and made one heroic miracle after another in their quest to build a thriving socialist nation.

The phrase also crops up in North Korean propaganda.

On 19 December last year, the fifth anniversary of the death of Kims father, Kim Jong-il, the Rodong Sinmun, the ruling parties official newspaper, said of the late leader: The noble image and patriotic devotion of the peerless patriot, who reliably defended socialism centred on the popular masses and turned[ North Korea] into an invincible politico-ideological power and a world military power.

In an article just after Kims demise, the official KCNA news agency cited meteorologists as saying the spring of prosperity under socialism will surely come thanks to the patriotic love of Kim Jong-il, who blocked the wailing gust of history till the last moments of his life.

And last January, the Rodong Sinmun quoth a speech in which Kim Jong-un had congratulated a socialist youth league formed in the name of his grandfather and North Koreas founder, Kim Il-sung, on its 70 th anniversary.

Kim, according to the report, said the league had enjoyed a history of brilliant victories of the great leaders original notion of prioritising the youth and their wise leadership and a history of ardent loyalty and patriotic devotion, with which the young people of Korea have supported the party and the leader, the country and the people.

Trumps use of the term, and its provenance, was noted on Twitter.

Damien Owens (@ OwensDamien)

Trump wanted tanks in his parade and has now declared a National Day of Patriotic Devotion. Hes Kim Jong-un with more money and less taste.

January 23, 2017

Reza Shaeri (@ RezaShaer)

So, Dear Leader declared his inauguration day an official holiday: National Day of Patriotic Devotion https :// t.co/ 3vITnK8YLL

January 24, 2017

In his inaugural speech, Trump declared that he would put America first and was contended that patriotic eagernes could mend the nations divisions.

On Monday, paperwork was filed with the federal government declaring that the working day of his inauguration, 20 January 2017, would be officially known as the National Day of Patriotic Devotion.

Trumps executive order said the proclamation would strengthen our bonds to one another and to our country and to renew their exercise of government to the people.

Jiro Ishimaru of Asia Press, an Osaka-based organisation with a network of high-level contacts in North Korea, said that by invoking patriotic love, Trump appeared to be channeling three generations of North Koreas Kim dynasty.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Antonin Scalia: a supreme court justice ‘extreme and out of step’ with women

1 month, 18 days ago

The conservatives positions on discrimination, sexuality, race and abortion stimulated him a liberal bugbear. But he did have some capacity for understanding

It would be an understatement to note that Justice Antonin Scalia, who passed away on Saturday, was a controversial figure. Known for his acerbic disagreements and what President Obama called a larger than life presence on the bench, the supreme court justices demise immediately elicited discussion on how soon is too soon to note the route a public people career negatively affected so many.

Given Scalias penchant for discrepancy and unapologetically saying what you think, however, it seems unlikely that hed take issue with the American people doing the same in the wake of his occur. And the truth is that throughout Scalias long tenure on the supreme court, he crafted a legacy that was decidedly regressive and anti-woman.

Scalia was a proponent of originalism, believing that the constitutions meaning is fixed, and should be interpreted in the way the framers originally intended. He was decidedly anti-progressive: Scalia wanted to overturn Roe v Wade, voted against protecting equal pay, wanted states to be able to proscribe homosexual sex, and sometimes said things outside of the courtroom about these issues that created eyebrows.

Jessica Mason Pieklo, vice-president of law and the courts at RH Reality Check, a pressure group concerned with reproductive and sexual health issues, says: He argued abortion rights, same sexuality marriage, and policies that address systemic racial segregation all should be left to the voters while insisting firms have constitutional religious rights to deny employees equal benefits on the basis of gender.

In a 2011 interview with California Lawyer, Scalia said he believed that females were not protected by the constitution, bucking decades of precedent.

Certainly the constitution does not require discrimination on the basis of sex, Scalia said.

The only issue is whether it proscribes it. It doesnt If the current society wants to prohibit discrimination by sex, hey, we have things called parliaments, and they legislate things called laws.

The American Civil Liberties Union called his comments extreme and out of step with the mainstream; the National Womens Law Center said: Instead than acknowledging that our understanding of the principles enshrined in the constitution grows and deepens over hour,[ Scalia] would freeze its meaning in the 19 th century.

Scalia walked back the controversial commentaries a bit in a 2013 New York Magazine interview, saying of course the 14 th amendment prohibits discrimination by sexuality but that the issue is what constitutes discrimination.

There are some intelligent reasons to treat girls differently, he noted.( He also carried discomfort with women who swear .)

On abortion, Scalia guessed similarly, saying in a visit to the Oxford Union that the constitution says nothing about[ the right to abortion ]. In addition to wanting to overrule Roe, Scalia voted to uphold legislation that banned abortion in the second trimester without a health exception, and came down on the side of anti-abortion protesters trying to block women access to clinics. Scalia even characterized the protesters who frequently scream at females, call them murderers, and even assault them as wanting to comfort girls.

And during oral debates for the Hobby Lobby case on contraception coverage as part of the Affordable Care Act, Scalia apparently agreed with Hobby Lobbys incorrect characterization of some different forms of birth control as abortion-inducing, calling them abortifacients .

It should be noted, though, that some in the anti-abortion community were torn on Scalia after a 2008 60 Minutes interview in which he told Lesley Stahl that he disagreed with those who thought you said you treat a helpless human being thats still in the womb the way you treat other human beings.

I think when the constitution says that persons are entitled to equal protection of the laws, he said, I think it clearly means walking-around persons.

Afterwards, the American Life League called Scalia the adversary and his comments downright ridiculous, as a matter of fact, it is heretical.

The justice was also known for his breathtaking homophobia. In Romer v Evans he defended hostility towards gay people as similar to the disdain one would have towards slaying or cruelty to animals and compared statutes that limited LGBT peoples rights to those that adversely affect smokers or drug addicts.

In Lawrence v Texas he wrote something similar, arguing that while outlawing gay sex does enforce constraints on liberty, so do statutes that proscribe prostitution or recreational use of heroin. He also compared gay sex to incest and bestiality and argued that states had the right to stimulate lesbian sexuality illegal since they are position this as protecting themselves and their families from a lifestyle that they believe to be immoral and destructive.

Scalias views on race also drew wide criticism. During oral arguments for the affirmative action case Fisher v University of Texas last year, he made offensive commentaries concerning people of color, saying: There are the individuals who contend that it does not benefit African Americans to get them into the University of Texas where they do not do well, as opposed to having them go to a less-advanced school a slower-track school where they do well.

According to one reporter, specific comments elicited muted gasp in the courtroom.

Pieklo said: A plenty has been said about how brilliant a novelist Scalia was, but I think its important to remember that behind that brilliant prose were a lot of radically dangerous beliefs.

Despite Scalias history of anti-woman notions and rulings, he remained close with Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, so much so that a comedic opu, Scalia/ Ginsburg, was created in their honor.

Irin Carmon, writer of Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, wrote of their friendship: Whether or not it was how Scalia considered it, for Ginsburg their public relationship also made a statement about the court as an institution: that it was strengthened by respectful debate, that it could work no matter how polarized our own member were.

Its unclear what Scalias death will mean for upcoming cases concerning girls. Next month, for example, the court is set to hear arguments in Whole Womans Health v Hellerstedt, on the Texas law that effectively shut down most of the states abortion clinics .

Scalia

Scalia makes a rare appearance on Capitol Hill, to testify before a Senate judiciary committee hearing in 2011. Photograph: Jim Lo Scalzo/ EPA

The law required that doctors performing abortions have admitting privileges to hospitals within 30 miles of their clinic and that any clinics abortions fulfilling the same building regulations as ambulatory surgical centers. The Center for Reproductive Rights has called the law deceptive, and noted that it has placed too many obstacles in front of women trying abortions.

In the process, HB2 punishes women for their decision to exercising their constitutional right to objective a pregnancy, they say .

With Scalias death, the ruling might result in a tie in Whole Womans Health, in which instance the lower court ruling which would let Texas law stand would remain in effect.

No matter what happens in future lawsuits, what is clear is that Scalias empty seat will irrevocably affect womens and civil rights; and should Congress effectively stall President Obamas supreme court pick, the next chairman could possibly appoint up to three justices. For better or worse a lot would argue for better none will leave the kind of legacy Scalia did.

As Slates Dahlia Lithwick wrote, Scalia was the most three-dimensional justice with an often two-dimensional worldview.

History will likely recollected him as someone who was gloriously, powerfully on the wrong side of so many important matter. But history is certainly remember him.

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