A sign on scrubland marks one of America’s largest slave mutinies. Is this how to remember black heroes?10 days ago
The Stono rebellion of 1739 was the biggest slave rebellion in Britains North American colonies but it is barely commemorated unlike Confederate leaders
The slaves met on a Sunday morning, close to the Stono river. Plantation owners tended to go to church on Sundays, and would leave them unattended.
A man named Jemmy had collected them together. Described in reports as an “Angolan” who could read and write, Jemmy had talked the men through his scheme the night before.
There were about 20 men in total. They marched to Hutchenson’s Store, 14 miles west of Charleston, South Carolina, and killed two white humen. They then loaded up on handguns and gunpowder, and headed south.
Jemmy was leading them towards the then-Spanish territory of Florida, where “hes having” heard slaves could live as free men.
The humen marched from the store to a home belonging to a white man named Godfrey. They burned the house to the ground and killed Godfrey, his wife, and his son and daughter.
When the slaves arrived at the home of a man called Lemy they killed him, his wife, and their child. They did spare a human named Wallace, who owned a tavern. He was considered a kind slave owner. But every other home they passed they torched.
It was 9 September 1739, and Jemmy was resulting what became known as the Stono rebellion- one of the most important slave insurgencies in what was then the North American colonies.
The humen would not make it to Florida. They wouldn’t even come close.
In the 1700 s, and on through the 1800 s, Charleston was one of the most prominent hubs for the slave trade in North America. At one point 35 -4 0% of slaves entered the US through the city, and it served as a base for trading slaves once they had arrived.
Read more: www.theguardian.com
Women of America: we’re going on strike. Join us so Trump will see our power14 days ago
The lean-in variety of feminism wont defeat this administration, but a mobilization of the 99% will. On 8 March we will take to the streets
The massive womens marches of 21 January may mark the beginning of a new wave of militant feminist struggle. But what exactly will be its focus? In our view, it is not enough to oppose Trump and his aggressively misogynistic, homophobic, transphobic and racist policies. We also need to target the ongoing neoliberal attack on social provision and labor rights.
While Trumps blatant misogyny was the immediate trigger for the huge response on 21 January, the attack on women (and all working people) long predates his administration. Womens conditions of life, especially those of women of color and of working, unemployed and migrant women, have steadily deteriorated over the last 30 years, thanks to financialization and corporate globalization.
Lean-in feminism and other variants of corporate feminism have failed the overwhelming majority of us, who do not have access to individual self-promotion and advancement and whose conditions of life can be improved only through policies that defend social reproduction, secure reproductive justice and guarantee labor rights. As we see it, the new wave of womens mobilization must address all these concerns in a frontal way. It must be a feminism for the 99%.
The kind of feminism we seek is already emerging internationally, in struggles across the globe: from the womens strike in Poland against the abortion ban to the womens strikes and marches in Latin America against male violence; from the vast womens demonstration of last November in Italy to the protests and the womens strike in defense of reproductive rights in South Korea and Ireland.
What is striking about these mobilizations is that several of them combined struggles against male violence with opposition to the casualization of labor and wage inequality, while also opposing homophobia, transphobia and xenophobic immigration policies. Together, they herald a new international feminist movement with an expanded agenda: at once anti-racist, anti-imperialist, anti-heterosexist and anti-neoliberal.
We want to contribute to the development of this new, more expansive feminist movement.
As a first step, we propose to help build an international strike against male violence and in defense of reproductive rights on 8 March. In this, we join with feminist groups from around 30 countries who have called for such a strike.
The idea is to mobilize women, including trans women, and all who support them in an international day of struggle a day of striking, marching, blocking roads, bridges, and squares, abstaining from domestic, care and sex work, boycotting, calling out misogynistic politicians and companies, striking in educational institutions. These actions are aimed at making visible the needs and aspirations of those whom lean-in feminism ignored: women in the formal labor market, women working in the sphere of social reproduction and care, and unemployed and precarious working women.
In embracing a feminism for the 99%, we take inspiration from the Argentinian coalition Ni Una Menos. Violence against women, as they define it, has many facets: it is domestic violence, but also the violence of the market, of debt, of capitalist property relations, and of the state; the violence of discriminatory policies against lesbian, trans and queer women; the violence of state criminalization of migratory movements; the violence of mass incarceration; and the institutional violence against womens bodies through abortion bans and lack of access to free healthcare and free abortion.
Their perspective informs our determination to oppose the institutional, political, cultural and economic attacks on Muslim and migrant women, on women of color and working and unemployed women, on lesbian, gender nonconforming and trans women.
The womens marches of 21 January have shown that in the United States, too, a new feminist movement may be in the making. It is important not to lose momentum.
Let us join together on 8 March to strike, walk out, march and demonstrate. Let us use the occasion of this international day of action to be done with lean-in feminism and to build in its place a feminism for the 99%, a grassroots, anti-capitalist feminism a feminism in solidarity with working women, their families and their allies throughout the world.
Read more: www.theguardian.com
Ex-Trump adviser says phone may have been tapped, without offering proof14 days ago
Carter Page writes to congressional examiners to describe fear, which he suggests would support Donald Trumps claim Trump Tower was wiretapped
A former foreign policy consultant to Donald Trump has written to congressional examiners claiming, without evidence, that his mobile phone may have been tapped last year.
Carter Page, a businessman, suggests this would support the view that the Trump campaign headquarters at Trump Tower in New York was under surveillance, since he works nearby and was a frequent visitor there.
The president has asserted in a series of tweets that Trump Tower was wiretapped by Barack Obama just before the election but did not explain his basis for the allegation, eventually calling for the House and Senate intelligence committees to investigate.
Page, like Trump, has challenged US policy towards Russia and called for warmer relations between the two countries. He visited Moscow last July and December and has not denied gratifying the Russian ambassador to the US during last Julys Republican convention, where the Trump campaign successfully lobbied to fell anti-Russia language from the party platform.
In a letter addressed to Richard Burr and Mark Warner, chairman and vice-chairman of the Senate intelligence committee, Page notes media reports that secret court orders were issued last October to allow the FBI to conduct surveillance of US persons in an investigation of possible contacts between Russian banks and the Trump Organization.
Having spoken in favor of some of Mr Trumps policies on other Fox News Group programs during the 2016 campaign as a campaign surrogate and given the peaceful relationship I have had with Russian citizens since my years in the US Navy, it may be understandable why I would be an related political target if such sick activities had indeed been committed as alleged in the previously cited media reports, he writes.
For your datum, I have frequently dined in Trump Grill, had lunch in Trump Caf, had coffee sessions in the Starbucks at Trump Tower, attended events and spend many hours in campaign headquarters on the fifth floor last year. As a sister skyscraper in Manhattan, my office at the IBM Building( 590 Madison Avenue) is literally connected to the Trump Tower building by an atrium.
Page continues: So if prior media reports may be believed that surveillance was indeed undertaken against me and other Trump advocates, it should be essentially deemed as a proved fact that the American people concerns that Trump Tower was under surveillance last year is entirely correct.
He says he keeps his cellphone on at all times except when flying, partly because of a a chronic medical condition that requires permanent access to a particular app.
In what is presumably a reference to the recent publication of documents by WikiLeaks demonstrating the CIA maintains the technical capability to hack customer devices, Page adds: All of this is particularly relevant following recent accusations surrounding surveillance techniques.
The Senate committee will examine Russias interference in the election, which intelligence agencies concluded was carried out to hurt Hillary Clintons campaign, and potential links between Russia and Trumps associates. The panel has asked about a dozen individuals and organisations, including the White House, to conserve relevant materials.
The FBI is also carrying out its own separate investigation. Trump has repeatedly denied any knowledge of improper contacts and the White House has complained about a fake narrative being recycled.
Page, an petroleum and energy industry consultant who has spent significant time in Russia, told the Guardian he would be more than happy to testify to the Senate committee. He admitted that he had no proof that his phone was put under surveillance but denied he was attempting to put up a smokescreen, turning his flame instead on the Clinton campaign.
My phone appears clean to me, he wrote in an email. More to the point and if they were indeed doing a J. Edgar Hoover-style political attack based on my faiths , nothing Ive ever written or said on it could be maybe construed as breaking any U.S. Law … as per the false proof and concocted allegations of the Lying Crooked Hillary campaign.
Over the past year the Trump campaign and administration have issued conflicting statements over its relationship with Page.
Adam Jentleson, senior strategic adviser at the Center for American Progress Action Fund, has argued , referring to one of Pages trips to Moscow , the change to the RNC platform and the first batch of DNC emails from WikiLeaks : Two weeks in July 2016 prove why Page could be such an important piece of the puzzle.
Read more: www.theguardian.com
Bikers for Trump: ‘He’ll get my election because he’s off his goddamn rocker’15 days ago
Ahead of the New Hampshire primary, Adam Gabbatt went to the Chop Shop Pub in Seabrook and found out that the locals dont mince words when asked why theyre rooting for The Donald
Theres a guy here whos not like us.
It is Super Bowl night at the Chop Shop Pub, a biker bar in Seabrook, New Hampshire. Bill The Boss Niland is addressing the crowd over a microphone. They call him the Boss because he is the boss of the bar.
He talks funny, Bill continues.
The clientele look at each other, wondering who this interloper could be. Im standing near the front. Im curious too. I look over my shoulder.
His names Adam, Bills says. He is talking about me. He calls up here and says: Do we have any bikers here?
This is true, I did.
Well, do we?
There are cheers and calls of: Yes!
The Boss drawn attention to me. Hes with the Guardian, he says. He has a thick New England accent and it definitely sounds like Gahhhhhdian.
I wave. There are a couple of cheers.
Im at the Chop Shop to mingle with some bikers ahead of Tuesdays primary. New Hampshire has the second most motorcycles per capita of all 50 nations, so I would be remiss not to expend some time with the biker demographic. The bar is a one-story house with a small fish pond in the entryway region. There are nine gnomes all over the pond and several goldfish in the pond. There is also a skull in it.
How will educational status affect the US election result?16 days ago
White voters without a college degree partially make up Trumps support base, while Democrats increasingly rely on non-white voters and people with degrees
The longer an American has stayed in school, the more likely he or she is to register to vote and to cast a ballot on election day.
At one extreme, in the 2012 presidential election just 21.6% of adults who left school before ninth grade voted. At the other, according to statistics from the Census Bureau, 74.7% of adults who had an advanced degree voted. Though the precise numbers may not be known, observers are aware of the link between education and voting its one of the clearest correlations in political behavior research.
Read more: www.theguardian.com
Rise in lip reduction procedures and labiaplasty driven by pursuit of ‘normal’17 days ago
White European beauty ideal partly motivates women to seek out procedures, experts said, as breast augmentation is still the most popular cosmetic surgery
Lip reduction procedures in the US have increased dramatically, according to figures released today from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). Last year, there were 3,547 lip reduction surgeries, representing a 283% increase from 2015.
The procedure is much more popular among African-American and Hispanic women according to Debra Johnson, a practicing plastic surgeon and president of the ASPS. Some people have overly endowed lips, Johnson explained, so lip reduction is a way to bring them into a more normal range (the irreversible procedure can be carried out for less than $1,000).
However, there is no objective definition of normal lip size, so individuals use social cues to decide whether to get surgery. As Christina Greer, a professor of political science at Fordham University explains: The standard of beauty and acceptability in America is a white standard.
Dr Germaine Awad would agree. The professor of educational psychology at the University of Technology has written about how female African American college students define beauty. When asked why lip reduction has become so popular, Awad said: The only thing that I can think would be a possible reason for this is the notion of striving toward a white European beauty ideal.
But its ironic, Awad added, because lots of other women are increasing the size of their lips. There were 28,430 lip augmentation procedures last year according to ASPS numbers.
After lip reduction, labiaplasty (cosmetic surgery which reduces the outer lips of the vulva) had the second highest year-on-year growth. A total of 12,666 labiaplasty procedures were carried out in 2016, a 39% increase on the previous year. That trend, too, is partly driven by societal depictions of normal.
Though lip reductions have increased far more than any other cosmetic procedure, they are nowhere near as common as other procedures. For every lip reduction carried out in 2016, there were 82 breast augmentation surgeries. Other reasons for going under the knife include liposuction (235,237 procedures in 2016) and nose reshaping (223,018 surgeries).
But even higher are non-surgical procedures which have been steadily increasing for years. In 2016, there over 7m Botulinum Toxin procedures in the US (commonly referred to by the brand name Botox). In 2000, that number was 786,911. Small amounts of this acutely lethal toxin are often administered to reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
Read more: www.theguardian.com
Stripparaoke: the new nightlife tendency that combines- yes- stripping and karaoke20 days ago
You can tell theres something a little different about Devils Point Strip Club in Portland, Oregon from the get-go.
Buzzy, horned neon signs beckon in guests with satanic, come-hither appeal. A various kinds of subterranean rocknroll vibe pervades everything from artwork selections to the shadowy red-bulb lighting. Among performers, there are more facial penetrates than not. It feels refreshingly authentic; Ive logged a significant number of hours in exotic dancing joints, but Devils Point is the first where Ive heard Nina Simone crooning as I strolled in the door.
An elevated level of convenience is especially important here, where Sunday nights are home to the weeks most popular event: stripparaoke.
This titillating portmanteau experience is exactly what it sounds like, blending two heavy-drinking, wee-hours-of-the-morning amusement favourites into one massive demonstrate.
Flint’s water crisis: what went wrong23 days ago
After the water supply was found to contain high levels of lead, proof is mounting that officials ignored or neglected indicators of a growing crisis
Lee and Ernie Perez knew something was amiss when their three cats started throwing up after drinking water.
In 2014, the longtime residents of Flint, Michigan, were dealing with the same situations that had consumed most of the town. The problems began in April that year, after the city switched its water source and started pulling water from a local river as a cost-saving measure. Almost immediately, residents levied complaining about the smelly, discolored and disgusting fluid that was now flowing into their households.
So the Perezes shut off their taps. They started buying bottled water to cook, drink and bathe. Their three cats, along with a feral feline who lived outside, switched over, too.
They all get bottled water, Lee Perez said.
More than a year later, the Rust Belt city of 100,000 is still reeling from the effects of a water supply that was observed last fall to have been poisoned with extremely high levels of lead. Just this week, officials reported that they witnessed a spike in Legionnaires disease a severe form of pneumonia after Flint began utilizing the water from the Flint river that proved problematic. While causation is still unknown, scientists analyzing the water problem predicted a spike in the disease.
And the evidence is mounting that federal, nation and local officials dismissed or neglected indicators of a growing water crisis.
As early as October 2014, there were problematic signs. A local General Motors engine plant stopped employing water from the Flint river because parts were becoming rusted, but officials however continued to reassure residents the water was safe to drink a decision deemed unconscionable by Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton this week.
Tests also uncovered elevated levels of chemical compounds in the water supply that can lead to liver or kidney issues. Nonetheless, officials downplayed residents fears, saying confidently that the water was safe to drink.
In February, arising as a result of independent examines began to trickle out. One from a coalition that included residents, Virginia Tech researchers, and the American Civil Liberties Union of Michigan indicated the highly corrosive Flint river was leaching lead off water pipes before flowing into households across the city of 100,000; another, from a local pediatrician, depicted an increase in Flint children with elevated levels of lead.
Officials vehemently disputed the research until, in October, governor Rick Snyder admitted the situation was far graver than he initially understood and announced a $12 m plan to transfer Flint back to its previous furnish with the towns of Detroit.
Snyder also appointed a task force to analyse what caused the crisis. Last month, different groups released a scathing report that placed blame principally on the states environmental department from failing to properly treat the Flint river to officials belittling responses to public outcry. The federal government is also investigating what happened.
In the meantime, residents are left are seeking to cope with the gravity of a manmade public health debacle. And they want answers.
Well, he shouldve done it a long time ago, resident Barbara Cowan said of Snyders response, while she was picking up a occurrence of water on Thursday that is now being distributed by the National Guard and the Red Cross.
He ignored it, she continued. Hes[ choice] to ignore it, because he didnt live in Flint.
On Thursday, the Perezes joined a apparently never-ending stream of residents that flowed into the citys no . 5 firehouse, where Red Cross volunteers have been handing out cases of bottled water to anyone in need. The water resource centre, one of five currently operating in the city, has been busy: The previous day, Red Cross personnels at the site handed out virtually 700 cases of water, said volunteer Peggy Zuehlk.
But even with clean water to drink, the Perezes still had additional concerns.
The cats dont puking anymore, but the couple says they still dont feel comfortable showering in whatevers coming through their pipes.
The itch, its just unbelievable, Ernie Perez, 73, said of the effects the water has on his body. Its not an itch like you got a little mosquito bite or something.
Lee jumped in: Its like a hot prickling needle thats all over your body. And as seniors, we cant take that. Adding to their exasperation is the hefty cost for unusable tap water in Flint, which has some of the highest water rates in the country.
We flush our lavatory, said Lee Perez, and we pay $109 a month.
Snyder ordered the National Guard on Tuesday to assist the nation at the water resource sites established across Flint, where residents say they are still struggling to grapple with current realities that lead-contaminated water flowed into their households for months.
The state has also requested additional assistance from the White House and the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Late Thursday, Snyder asked Barack Obama to declare the area surrounding Flint in a state of emergency to expedite the response to the growing water contamination problem.
Low exposure to lead, a powerful neurotoxin, can produce long-term health effects, particularly in young children in the form of behavioral problems or lower IQ. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention says there is no safe level of lead exposure.
Whats now known is that nation environmental officials improperly applied federal regulations to ensure water is treated properly. The governor-appointed task force said the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality( MDEQ) department bears primary responsibility for what happened in Flint.
That task force found that water from the corrosive Flint river leached lead off household tubes and flowed into the system because Flint hadnt been required by the state environmental body to use corrosion control to treat the water. The report also found that the tone and substance of the state environmental divisions public statements were completely unacceptable, the report said.
Its unconscionable what happened, Virginia Tech researcher Marc Edwards, who helped lead a squad that tested water samples of virtually 300 homes in the city, told the Guardian last autumn of the states decision to not require Flint to use corrosion control to treat the river. Edwards also predicted, based on our prior research there would be higher levels of Legionella, due to the lack of corrosion control.
Between June 2014 and November 2015, there were 87 occurrences in Genesee County, where Flint is situated, of which 10 resulted in death, according to the state, although it is not yet known whether the disease is linked to the water.
In early July, in response to the release of an internal Environmental Protection Agency memo raising very concerned about Flints water source, state officials downplayed concerns.
Let me start here anyone who is concerned about lead in the drinking water in Flint can relax, spokesman Brad Wurfel said at the time .
Later that month, Snyders then-chief of staff, Dennis Muchmore, wrote an email saying Flint residents arent get the benefit of the doubt over water issues.
Now they are concerned and rightfully so about the lead level examines they are receiving from( MDEQ) samples, Muchmore said in the email obtained by Edwards. These folks are frightened and worried about the health the effects and they are basically get blown off by us( as a nation was about to not sympathizing with their predicament ).
Officials responded to Muchmore by saying theres nothing to worry about in Flint. Snyders spokespeople have said Muchmores statements reflect how the governors administration was engaged with the community.
But MDEQ should have had a more accurate assessment of the situation, according to the auditor generals report released in December. The report noted that MDEQ officials were aware in March 2015 that Flints lead water level were already above enforcement action thresholds set by the EPA.
Observers have also pointed their finger at the EPA for its handled with the situation.
Henry Henderson, midwest director of the Natural Resources Defense Council, said the EPA has authority for the purposes of the federal Safe Drinking Water Act to take emergency actions in crises like in Flint.
Its become painfully obvious that every level of government, including but not limited to the EPA havent felt no importance about this matter at all, Henderson said, have been shockingly lackadaisical,[ and] have constructed inappropriate statements in public in terms of the safety of the situation, which is now being wildly unsafe.
The EPAs regional administrator told the Detroit News this week that federal officials chose to implore the MDEQ to respond to the situation, rather than take action itself, despite knowing for months that Flint wasnt properly use corrosion control to treat its water.
Henderson said the administrator, Susan Hedman, could be disingenuous or simply remarkably ignorant about her responsibilities and her power to affect those responsibilities. Federal law approves EPA administrators to take action to deal with issues like the Flint water crisis, he said.
In an email obtained by the Guardian, dated 20 August, from EPA program manager Jennifer Crooks to three MDEQ officials, she asked for a transcript of a letter sent to Flint notifying the city of high result levels.
Flint has sure get a lot of attention over the past year; Im going to stay positive, Crooks wrote. And say that I hope this all dies down once they connect to the Karegnondi pipeline( in 2016 ).
A quest for cheaper water
The water problems stemmed from a decision to use the Flint river as a more affordable water supply. The policy was aimed at easing the financial uncertainty looming over the city, where more than 40% of the predominantly black population lives below the poverty line. Flint has been throttled for decades by a depleted taxation base as manufacturing chores moved elsewhere a problem compounded by a subsequent spike in violence that has routinely placed the community high on the listing of violent US cities.
But it is the citys lead-tainted water disaster that has left residents and activists asking questions about how this could have happened.
The governors office declined to answer questions about what role it played in the decision-making process that led to Flint use the local river as its main water source, but what is clear is that the lead-contamination crisis took place while the city was under the control of Snyder-appointed emergency managers.
In late 2011, as Flints finances continued to worsen, Snyder appointed an emergency fiscal director with vast powers to oversee the citys finances and efficiently rendered local elected officials powerless. In the intervening months, state and city officials began discussing the most affordable water alternative for Flint.
By March 2013, it was decided Flint would join a new water system and leave Detroit, with the hope of obtaining more affordable rates for residents. Though Flint was still for the purposes of the control of situations of emergency manager, that month city council members overwhelmingly approved a resolution to join a new regional water system in 2016.
But there was a problem: the Detroit water system, realizing Flint was set to leave, increased the citys rates and gave it a one-year notification to renegotiate a short-term contract until 2016, or find a different water supply. Without Detroit, Flint would need a temporary water source until the new regional system came online.
As late as February 2014, possibilities for Flint to use Detroits system in the interim was still on the table. The following month, however, then-Flint emergency administrator, Darnell Earley, wrote a letter to Detroit water officials obtained by the American Civil Liberties Union of Michigan, which broke the story of Flints lead water crisis saying he expects that the Flint Water Treatment Plant will be fully operational and capable of treating Flint River.
In that case, there will be no need for Flint to continue purchase water to serve its residents and business after April 17, 2014, wrote Earley, whos now the emergency manager of Detroit Public Schools.
Hes trying to save face
On Thursday, outside a water resource centre near downtown Flint, Larry Ross said elected officials from the top down carry responsibility.
I believe that the governor, the country, and the powers that be, I think itd be safe to say there was a cover-up. I think they were trying to take the cheapest way out as far as restoring this water condition, Ross said. If it wasnt for “the member states national” exposure, I think they wouldve left things the style they are.
A line snaked out the door and continued to grow as residents tried to stay warm in frigid January temperatures. Motorists double-parked their vehicles throughout the firehouses lot, leaving little room to navigate. Observing nearby, Flints fire chief, David Cox Jr, said the chaotic scene illustrated the plight of the city.
Anytime that truck is delivering its going to get crazy out here, said David Cox Jr, the citys fire chief. And this to be one station; its like this everywhere at all fire stations.
Residents say theyre grateful to see the influx of supplies and assistance. But Lee-Anne Walters, the Flint mother who first reached out to EPA officials in early 2015 with concerns about her tap water, said Snyders response still leaves much to be desired.
Last year, Walters son, Gavin, was diagnosed with lead poisoning and has since developed speech impediments, she said. When Edwards, the Virginia Tech researcher tested her water, the results were astounding: one test returned a outcome that Walters water was filled with 13,200 proportions per billion( ppb) of result, substantially higher than levels deemed safe by the EPA.( At 5,000 ppb, water is considered hazardous waste .)
I still feel like hes trying to save face to save his career rather than try to save the person or persons, Walters said of Snyders response to the crisis.
The announcement this week that city officials will begin shutting off water to residents with unpaid bills is very likely cause additional growl, amid the ongoing controversy.
But the chief fear for now remains obtaining clean water.
While Ross and others waited their turn to pick up a jug and instance of water, a volunteer emerged from the door and wailed: Everybody listen up, for the first time we have water testing kits everybody should be walking out of here with a water testing kit, even if you just came for water.
As more residents started filling inside, the volunteer tried to offer a silver-lining: At least its not snowy today.
Read more: www.theguardian.com
The Chosen Wars review: examine of American Jews uncovers familiar schisms23 days ago
Steven Weisman determines contention and dispute at every stage of Jewish American history including modern-day politics
On election day 2016, Hillary Clinton won more than 70% of the Jewish election. But that number tells only part of a narrative. In some predominately Orthodox Jewish precincts, Donald Trump’s numbers were straight out of the rust belt or the deep south.
As in the rest of the electorate, religious commitment and educational attainment shaped how Jews voted. In the overwhelmingly religion Borough Park neighborhood of Brooklyn, Trump took 68% of the vote. In New Jersey’s Lakewood Township, he won with a 50 -point margin. By contrast, the island of Manhattan was a sea of Democratic blue.
The political cleavages that mark the broader American scenery existing between America’s Jews. Just as Jews were to be found on both sides of slavery, secession and the civil war, they are again combatants in a political skirmish. Think of Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law, and Chuck Schumer, the Senate minority leader.
Welcome to The Chosen Wars, a narrative of the Jewish journey in the different regions of the American scenery. Steven Weisman, who covered politics and economics at the New York Times for a one-quarter of a century, marshals an impressive array of facts to argue that the competing tugs of separatism and assimilation have been present ever since Jews landed in the New world in the 17 th century, that even among the devout the broader culture affected religious practice, and that Jewish communal participation has ebbed and flowed with time.
As Weisman frames things,” Jewish belief in the Jewish people’s own unique identity … has been so strong that it remains a foundation of Jewish life in the United States .” He also acknowledges that identity” has always been and is very likely be one of contention and dispute “. Things are alloyed.
The book chronicles how the constitution’s establishment clause led to the laity’s domination within the synagogue. Most notably for Weisman, a schism within a Charleston shul triggered a landmark lawsuit and decision. Unlike Europe, the civil authorities would not pick sides even when asked. Ultimately, a South Carolina appellate court ruled in 1846 that the judiciary must avoid” questions of theological dogma, depending on speculative religion, or ecclesiastical rites “.
In other words, they would let the Jews duke it out among themselves.
At hours they actually did. Weisman describes an actual riot that have broken out on Rosh Hashanah 1850 in Albany, New York, over the nature of the Messiah. The police were called and the congregation scattered, but not before the synagogue chairwoman taunted the rabbi, Isaac Wise, saying:” I have $100,000 more than you .” Yet it was Wise’s rejection of a personal and national Messiah that shaped Reform Judaism. It represented a break from 2,000 years of tradition.
The book also examines how Darwin and criticism impacted attitudes toward the Bible, divine authorship taking a make. Emil Hirsch, a Reform Rabbi and professor at the University of Chicago, declared:” Modern scholarship has spoken, and its voice cannot be hushed .”
To put things in context, even those more traditionally minded were forced to respond or adjust to science.
On the one hand, within the Hasidic movement the dominant mantra remains:” If you are still troubled by the theory of evolution, I can tell you without anxiety of contradiction that it has not a shred of evidence to subsistence it .”
On the other, within Orthodoxy’s more modern circles there was a retreat from taking the creation narrative and Genesis’s timeline literally. A “day” came to be read as eons, and the Divine Hand could be found guiding the Descent of Man.
Read more: www.theguardian.com
Suspects in New Mexico child abuse raid ‘had supernatural beliefs’24 days ago
Family member says the five adults apprehended leave behind the children in November after believing they were in need of an exorcism
The estranged household of 11 malnourished children rescued from a squalid New Mexico compound have called the discovery of the children’s conditions” heartbreaking, sad and embarrassing for the rest of the family “.
The children, ranging in age from one to 15, were discovered last week in a raid of a partially underground rural New Mexico compound and turned over to nation child welfare workers.” They were skinnies, their ribs demonstrated, they were in very poor hygiene and very scared ,” Taos county Sheriff Jerry Hogrefe told ABC News Radio .
Five adults, who were all either parents or aunts and uncles to the children, were initially arrested in the raid, and all five have been charged with 11 countings of child abuse. The two men apprehended, Siraj Ibn Wahhaj and Lucan Morton, face additional charges related to child abduction and harboring a fugitive.
Read more: www.theguardian.com