‘It’s our way of life’: Inuit designers are reclaiming the tarnished sealskin trade

2 days ago

Seal hunting is widely misunderstand, says a new wave of fashion designers, who are currently challenging perceptions with a combination of modern and traditional work


First, she seemed to tradition, immersing herself in the Inuit customs of mitten and parka-making. Next, Victoria Kakuktinniq sought out the contemporary, heading south to train in fashion design before were returned to Nunavut, Canadas northernmost territory.

The result is a style line that marries modern design with tradition captured in a first collection that includes four sealskin wintertime coats and which has established Kakuktinniqs place among the cadre of decorators and seamstresses in Canadas north working to reclaim sealskins place in haute couture.

Its part of my culture, said Kakuktinniq, 27, who launched Victorias Arctic Fashion in 2013. The Inuit are actually trying our very best to promote our culture and indicate our way of life and how our ancestors lived.

It a way of life that has increasingly come under attack in recent decades. Opposition to seal hunting gathered force in the 1960 s and 70 s, with graphic campaigns that featured fluffy seal puppies being bludgeoned by hunters. It soon snowballed into a global, celebrity-studded motion that saw the US and European Union ban the import of virtually all seal products.

But little thought was given to the impact these anti-sealing campaigns would have on Inuit, said the film-maker Alethea Arnaquq-Baril. When you totally erase Inuit from the picture, it can appear as a black and white issue, she said. But were the people of the seal, were hunters.

Starting in the 1950 s, the massacre of hundreds, if not thousands, of sled dogs by the Royal Canadian mounted police left many Inuit with few alternatives but to abandon the semi-nomadic lifestyle of their ancestors and settle into permanent communities.

Other Inuit were forcibly relocated north by a Canadian government keen to claim sovereignty over the high reaches of the Arctic. Some Inuit were also sent away to residential schools, described by a truth commission as a church-run tool of cultural genocide and rife with abuse.

Rannva
Rannva Simonsen, a luxury fur outerwear designer in Iqaluit, models one of her seems. Photo: Ashifa Kassam for the Guardian

Throughout these turbulent years, the seal hunting acted as an anchor, a stable source of food and a reliable income as Inuit struggled to transition from the ways of their ancestors and into sedentary lives in one of the harshest environments on the planet.

Then came the prohibition. The prices of sealskin just crashed, said Arnaquq-Baril, whose film Angry Inuk delves into the devastatingeffects anti-sealing activism has had on the Inuit.

Iniut communities were exempted from the prohibition, but much of the market for sealskin evaporated, making the exemptions meaningless. Community lost 90% of their income, in some cases, said Arnaquq-Baril.

Poverty became the new normal in Nunavut, sending the already high suicide rates soaring and leaving about seven out of 10 Inuit children going hungry to school.

The campaigns demonstrated lucrative for animal rights activists, often raising tremendous amounts of fund for the organisations. But many Inuit felt vilified by the movement, which at times implied that the seal populations hunted by Inuit were threatened.

Its not just an attack on our ability to survive, its an attack on who we are and our worth as people, said Arnaquq-Baril. Its very frustrating when the organisations that are putting us in this position live in some of the richest regions of the world, with the richest farmland in the world, and the easiest temperatures to live in those are the people running the campaigns that affect us.

In 1985, Greenpeace Canada issued an apology to Inuit over its 1976 anti-sealing campaign, which ran global. By some standards, it was a successful campaign, Joanna Kerr, the executive director of Greenpeace Canada, noted in a 2014 blog post . But in one major route, it failed very, very badly.

The campaign, she noted, hurt many, both economically and culturally. The organisation has since made efforts to mend its relationship with indigenous peoples, Kerr added.

Footwear
Footwear by the designer Nicole Camphaug, who adds sealskin to high heels and dress shoes. Photo: Ashifa Kassam for the Guardian

Some who point to the persisting cultural and economic impacts of the campaigns have called for more than an apology. After all the money that was generated by Greenpeace over the years, they[ should] compensate each Inuit$ 1m, Aaju Peter, a sealskin seamstress in Iqaluit, told the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation last year .

Others are doing all they can to revive the slumping marketplace. The decorator Nicole Camphaug began experimenting with layering sealskin on high heels and dress shoes several years ago, envisioning the combining as another way of showcasing Inuit culture. I always think its so important to get sealskin out there, she said.

Soon afterwards, she launched a small side business out of her Iqaluit home , capitalising on social media to reaching customers across Canada and as far away as Greenland.

So far, the grassroots move by designers does seem to be inducing some change, said Rannva Simonsen, a luxury fur outerwear decorator in Iqaluit , the capital of Nunavut. The posture has changed, she said, pointing to a growing number of orders she had received in recent years from Toronto. Sealskin is actually being more and more accepted by Canadians.

Originally from the Faroe Islands, Simonsen moved to Nunavut in 1997, launching her company shortly afterward. She was quick to embrace sealskin which she calls the local cow describing him as a humane source of food and income in a region with few other options.

Since then, she has watched as Inuit wage a David and Goliath battle against animal rights campaigners in a bid to keep the slumping industry alive a battle whose roots overlook the Inuits deep reverence for the land that surrounds them. I find its cultural bully when people from the bigger society crush the small little culture, she said. Instead they should learn from the Inuits connectedness and respect for nature.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Air Force Scientist Spilled No Secrets. He Still Went to Prison.

3 days ago

It takes a good while for J. Reece Roth to answer the door at his home on the west side of Knoxville. A former electrical engineering prof at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville, where he was also the director of the Plasma Sciences Laboratory, Roth will be 81 in September and has hip, knee, and heart problems, which have slackened him down quite a bit.

Of course, the four years he spent in prison for violating the Arms Export Control Act didn’t do him many favors, either.

Former students and contemporaries describe Roth as something of a pioneer in the field of plasma physics. When he was accused in 2006 of divulging sensitive technological data to two foreign nationals, Roth had been working on research for the U.S. Us air force, developing thrusters that used atmospheric plasma gas–something typically created only under highly controlled laboratory conditions–to improve the flight performance of unmanned aerial vehicles, or dronings. It’s been almost 15 years, but Roth is still noticeably upset about the style things went down.

” I was handled by the government in a way that has basically intimidated researchers all over the country as far as carrying forward applications[ of my technology ],” he says.

The twist is , none of what Roth disclosed was classified. And the foreign nationals weren’t spies, the latter are grad students. But as is typical with sensitive DoD research, foreign citizens were explicitly forbidden from working on the project without a special license from the federal government. By allowing Ph.D. candidates Xin Dai, from China, and Sirous Nourgostar, from Iran, to participate, Roth violated a once-obscure corner of U.S. exportation law that considers describing, demonstrating, or explaining certain things to a foreign citizen, even one that’s standing next to you in Tennessee, to be an illegal “export.”

Another of Roth’s violations resulted from a trip-up he took to China with a laptop containing files from the Air Force project, even though forensic exams afterward indicated those files were never opened while he was there. During that same trip-up, he asked a student to email him some files. Roth said he was having trouble connecting to the internet, and told the student to send them to the account of a Chinese professor at the university he was visiting.

” Even a blank sheet of paper from that research was export-controlled .”

After six hours of deliberation, the jury convicted Roth on 18 out of 18 countings, including conspiracy, wire hoax, and exporting defense articles and services without a license. The two foreign graduate students were never accused of wrongdoing , nor were they ever suspected of any.

As a former associate of Roth’s told The Daily Beast:” It’s simple. Because this was a military contract, it was a contractual designation[ to restrict participation to U.S. citizens only] and that’s what bolt everything into the ground. Because even a blank sheet of paper from that research was export-controlled .”

American counterintelligence officials have long advised about snoops on campus, and according to recent congressional witnes by current and former U.S. counterintelligence officials, foreign intelligence services are more active than ever within the academic community. There is a ” small but significant percentage” of international students and faculty sent to the U.S. to steal military and civilian research, as journalist and author Daniel Golden testified before the House Science Committee in April, citing a DoD finding that the use of academics by foreign intelligence agencies has tripled over the past two decades.

” Without going into details that I cannot divulge, I can reinforce the fact it is a longstanding issue ,” retired CIA operations officer Charles Goslin told The Daily Beast.” Typically, universities get full compensation from the governments sending those students to the U.S. to analyze and then return with cutting edge the investigations and IP. So, the incentive to keep the cash coming in outweighs the incentive to follow closely the students from those countries .”

As the Trump administration threatens to impose what could turn out to be the most prohibitive restrictions on foreign students’ access to U.S. universities in modern history, exclusive new interviews with figures from the Roth case shed additional light on just how serious the government is about keeping American defense technology out of the incorrect hands.

Roth was born in 1938 in Chartiers, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh. He got his bachelor’s at MIT before going on to Cornell for his doctorate. Roth then ran at NASA until 1978, when he left to teach at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. Formal and a bit stiff, yet quite friendly and accessible, Roth speaks in a rich baritone and chooses his terms carefully.

Although he rarely gets away much anymore, Roth traveled to China extensively in years past. Two of his books had been translated into Chinese, and he always got a steady river of an applicant for students there who were eager to study with him. Roth speaks extremely highly of the Chinese scientists he has fulfilled, and was made an honorary professor at the renowned University of Electronic Science and Technology of China in Chengdu and Beijing’s elite Tsinghua University in 1992 and 2006.

China is as much of an espionage menace, if not even more so, than Russia, a former intelligence operative from countries around the world in Eastern Europe told The Daily Beast.

” They are extremely effective in using their former citizens, or Americans with Chinese roots or relatives in China ,” the ex-spy said.” They have no limits with fund, and the Chinese government can guarantee resettlement to China and financial support if the person or persons they recruited is captured or busted by local authorities. And of course, “there dont” extradition from China .”

The Chinese government has also established Confucius Institutes, which trace a direct link to China’s Communist Party, at more than 100 universities across the U.S. counterintelligence officials have warned that the Confucius Institutes can be used for espionage, and as former intelligence analyst Peter Mattis recently told The Washington Post , they are part and parcel of the Chinese Communist Party’s ” united front work ” propaganda endeavours against the party’s detractors.

In fact, Chinese influence is of such fear to U.S. counterintelligence officials, they reportedly warned Donald Trump son-in-law and senior adviser Jared Kushner last year that Wendi Deng Murdoch, ex-wife of News Corp CEO and founder Rupert Murdoch, could be working for China’s intelligence services.

Surely is conscious that Chinese espionage does exist, Roth insists the intentions of his Chinese equivalents, by and large, were pure.

” The contacts I had were normal scholarly the relations with colleagues at universities in other countries who simply wanted to exchange information ,” Roth told The Daily Beast in his first interview since being released from prison in 2015.” With the possible exception of my trips to China, the information transfer was pretty much two-way and I don’t think it was motivated by any said he wished to spy on, or take, U.S. technology .”

Needless to say, people targeted by foreign intelligence sometimes don’t know that they’ve been compromised. And spies often don’t was like “spies.” In the post-Roth epoch at UT, the administration advises students and faculty working on export-controlled projects not to even send documents to campus transcript centres where foreign nationals might be working.

Universities have a challenge in blending a culture of academic liberty with restrictions on intellectual property, said Will Mackie, one of the two government attorneys who prosecuted Roth. Mackie emphasizes the importance of academic research to the U.S. economy, and says exportation control laws are not meant to restrict research, but to protect it.

Roth’s situation” was totally preventable ,” his onetime attorney explained.” He never stated that he was totally ignorant of the rules, so that was not a defense … The idea is that he thought that these rules were unnecessary and he also tried to say that he knew this technology better than the regulators and it was something that he didn’t think should be controlled .”

Roth had a route about him that didn’t build people want to go to bat for him when he was carried into court, others said. Daniel Max Sherman, who analyse under Roth before going on to work alongside him, remembered Roth’s tendency to take credit for everything developed in his lab whether it was his idea or not, generating” numerous instances, even legal consequences, over whether or not he owned a certain piece of intellectual property .”

” Roth had such an attitude that basically he had created something special and great ,” Sherman told The Daily Beast.” He would go to these national meetings and tell people they were stealing his ideas, or that he had already thought of it and if they’d simply read Chapter 7, Section 2 of his book …”

In Roth’s case, authorities had been tracking at the least one of his two foreign-born graduate deputies from virtually the moment he first set foot on American soil.

Born in Tehran in 1976, physicist Sirous Nourgostar had always admired Roth’s work from afar. A alumnu of Tehran’s Alborz High School, which was founded by American missionaries in 1873, Nourgostar arrived in the United States in August 2005 to analyze under Roth’s tutelage. Ultra-hardline Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad had taken office a few days earlier, and U.S.-Iranian relations were particularly tense.

Nourgostar told The Daily Beast he was questioned and fingerprinted by immigration officials upon arrival at Los Angeles International Airport. Although he had a valid F1 student visa, Nourgostar claims officers threatened to turn him away and send him back to Iran. For reasons he never makes fully clear, Nourgostar was eventually cleared for entry and stimulated his way to Tennessee for the autumn semester.

In the meantime, the FBI paid Roth a visit and requested information about, among other things, the kinds of chemicals and instruments Nourgostar would have access to in his laboratory. A few days after Nourgostar got to township, he says he was also questioned by the FBI. Before they could get started, Nourgostar preemptively assured them that he wasn’t religion or observant. The agents cut him off right away, saying they weren’t allowed to talk about that sort of thing.

” The head of the FBI team told me,’ Look, I know who you are. All I can tell you at this moment is that this is not about you .'”
— Sirous Nourgostar

Eight months later, while Roth was off lecturing in China, the FBI raided his laboratory. Nourgostar watched a team of armed agents label, photo, and cart away everything from computers to lab notebooks as evidence. He says he had no idea why the FBI was there, and they wouldn’t give him any details.

” I supposed perhaps I did something wrong, I was very scared ,” Nourgostar recalled.” Then the head of the FBI team told me,’ Look, I know who you are. All I can tell you at this moment is that this is not about you .'”

When Roth flew back to the Countries from China a few days later, customs agents in Detroit pulled him out of line and copied the contents of his laptop’s hard drive. Nourgostar said Roth called him before catching his connecting flight home to Tennessee, explaining that he had been stopped and questioned. He asked how things were back at the lab, and Nourgostar broke the news to him that the FBI had confiscated most of its contents.

When Roth’s connecting flight landed in Knoxville, agents from the FBI, Customs& Border Protection, and the Department of Commerce seized the laptop itself and a thumb drive. After a two-hour interrogation, Roth said he was allowed to go home; he was not apprehended at that time.

Months went by while the FBI interviewed everyone in Roth’s orbit. According to an as-yet unpublished memoir by Daniel Max Sherman, a friend of his who worked at the Pentagon sent an email promoting him to try not to worry too much.

” It’s uncomfortable, but you did nothing wrong; Roth did … The authorities will figure it out. Regrettably, it will cause you some distress for a period of time and your work will be on a watch list ,” the friend wrote.

Roth wound down whatever research he had left, reviewing newspapers for scientific journals, and getting ready to retire. He vowed to battle and beat this thing. But Nourgostar had been called to testify before a grand jury and knew that Roth was actually in very deep shit.

” I wasn’t supposed to talk or give any feedback about participating in the grand jury, so I could not tell him anything ,” Nourgostar said.” The route he was talking to us, that they don’t have anything, well, all of a sudden there was an indictment .”

Roth was given a day and date to turn himself at the FBI’s Knoxville Field Office to be formally apprehended. Roth was handcuffed and fingerprinted; agents took a Dna sample.

” It was more like an office appointment with a physician than anything else ,” Roth said.” I demonstrated up at the stated place and period; there weren’t any sirens, I wasn’t dragged out of my house or anything like that .”

Nourgostar claims the FBI told him during questioning that they viewed this case as one that would send a” strong message to other universities that we are serious about this kind of thing .”

” There are a few people willing to hazard prison for their principles. He’s one of them .”
— Thomas Dundon

The drone project” from the beginning had a component in it that I knew, something was not right ,” Nourgostar said,” but at the time, I was a fresh student ,” and felt that it would be better to not make any waves.

Nourgostar wound up taking the stand against Roth, calls his former mentor” an amazing prof I had in my life ,” and described his short stint in Roth’s lab largely as” an exceptional experience .”

” He was a true true educator who wanted to have some sort of legacy left behind ,” said Nourgostar.” I haven’t been able to find anyone else like that man .”

Nourgostar and others describe Roth as somewhat stunted emotionally, possessing virtually childlike social skills.

He set himself at a disadvantage from the beginning, antagonizing the feds from the very beginning of the investigation, according to defense attorney Thomas Dundon, who represented Roth in court and received permission from Roth to speak openly to The Daily Beast about the lawsuit.

Immediately after he was stopped at the airport, but before “hes having” hired Dundon, Roth began calling and emailing federal examiners to defend his position. That is, that academic researchers should be able to use the best and the brightest students as they wish , no matter where they’re from. The investigation would continue for the next three years.

” We started off with Dr. Roth having presented his perspective in the matter more than one time, and in writing on at the least one occasion, to a variety of people ,” said Dundon, explaining the enormity of the task he faced after Roth retained him.” I would not recommend any client do that .”

Roth, who said he had in fact submitted debriefing reports to the CIA after past trip-ups to China, was personally outraged by the insinuation that he couldn’t be trusted to safeguard the integrity of his research, Dundon recollected. Use foreign nationals on a restricted military contract was bad, but Roth taking sensitive information on his laptop to China and having restricted material sent to him via email there was what really stuck in the government’s craw, said Dundon.

Roth absence a full understanding of the internet, and didn’t appreciate the fact that his data could have been intercepted by the Chinese government, something we now know is standard operating procedure, Dundon said. Whether or not Chinese agents or any of Roth’s Chinese university colleagues actually got access to this material, Dundon doesn’t know.

” I don’t recall there being any proof, but I do recall that the government expressed concern about that ,” he said.

” I admired Dr. Roth for being willing to stand up for his principles ,” Dundon said.” I don’t see that very often in my business. A plenty of people would perhaps “say its” misplaced. Nevertheless, there are a few people willing to danger prison for their principles. He’s one of them .”

Daniel Max Sherman was a student of Roth’s at UT before going into business with him. Now 47 and living in Chattanooga, Sherman exudes an unmistakable cynicism about the world.

Born in rural Dayton, Tennessee, to a mommy who had turned 18 only a few days earlier, Sherman never fulfilled “his fathers”. He got his contact info a while back, but never actually got in touch.

” I grew up with a long list of stepfathers, almost all cases with military backgrounds ,” Sherman explained.” The first father I remember was a drill sergeant for the Army and he was not a nice man .”

Sherman, who is speaking publicly about the occurrence for the first time, left home during his senior year of high school, primarily to escape his mother’s third spouse, an alcoholic Marine Corps drill instructor. Sherman’s grandmother managed to cobble together enough fund for him to attend UT, and one of his high school teachers devoted him a few hundred bucks for textbooks.

Sherman was the director of plasma sciences at a small, publicly traded company in Knoxville called Atmospheric Glow Technologies( AGT ). Roth was a minority partner. Located in a commercial park 20 minutes west of downtown Knoxville, the offices are less than a 10 -minute drive from Reece Roth’s home.

AGT was spun off from UT to develop commercial applications for Roth’s plasma actuator design. In fact, Sherman, who co-owns the patent, says the actuator” in this particular form was a design that resulted during my Master’s in 1995. At that time, Dr. Roth was my advisor .” Roth reportedly offered to let Sherman take full credit, but Sherman, Roth, and a third collaborator are listed as co-inventors.

AGT existed with two basic fund mechanisms, Sherman explained. One followed the traditional commercial model, creating money from outside investors. The other came from the federal government. Sherman was the one who wrote the bulk of those proposals, making most of the initial ideas after which he said other people’s names would unavoidably also be” slapped on .”

” As one of[ my former colleagues] at Oak Ridge[ National Laboratory] to present to me,’ Daniel, I can’t send this pen to Iran .'”
— Daniel Max Sherman

Still, the issues to remains: Why would Roth risk his reputation, his career, and his freedom only to hire a couple of foreign alumnu research deputies? Is it truly that hard to find competent American Ph.D. nominees?

” Dr. Roth’s lab was constantly filled with foreign nationals ,” said Sherman.” His book had been translated into foreign languages and they respected him and most Americans couldn’t stand working for him, he was such an ass .”

Dan Golden, author of Spy Schools: How the CIA, FBI, and Foreign Intelligence Secretly Exploit America’s Universities , was the first person to interview Roth when he went to prison in 2012 and has written about the suit extensively.

” I think it flattered his vanity to have students who had admired him from afar and who could remind him about what a major figure “hes in” China, because he’s not a man without ego ,” Golden told The Daily Beast.” So, that’s the specific reason. More broadly, there’s a plethora of foreign graduate student in American science departments .”( He also points out the ironic disconnect between UT’s vigilance in turning in Roth while at the same time seeming less alert to the myriad issues posed by hosting a Confucius Institute on campus .)

It was Sherman who ultimately acquiesced to Roth’s demand that Xin Dai, his Chinese student, be hired onto the drone project. However, he insisted that all limited material be kept away from Dai and handled by an American student, Truman Bonds. A noble theory, but one that unfortunately did not work in practice, according to Sherman.

As Dai neared graduation and Roth announced that he wanted Nourgostar to take his place, Sherman finally set his foot down.

” It had been made clear to me that it truly wouldn’t be a good idea ,” said Sherman.” As one of[ my former colleagues] at Oak Ridge[ National Laboratory] explained to me,’ Daniel, I can’t send this pen to Iran .'”

When Sherman told Roth he would do whatever it took to block the hire, Roth sought support from the university’s supervisor of faculty research contracts. She advised Roth to speak to the school’s newly-hired exportation control policeman, who was more than a little alarmed not only by the notion of hiring an Iranian national for a project that was very obviously subject to serious regulations, but also that a Chinese national had previously been spent a year illegally working on the project without anyone knowing it. Roth left for China, the export control policeman called authorities, and that’s when everything began to collapse.

According to most everyone involved, Roth dismissed multiple warns from various people about his hiring of foreign students, insisting all the while that the university’s non-discrimination policy overrode federal exportation law.

During the trial, Roth flatly refused to consider negotiating a plea bargain, insisting he had done nothing incorrect. The jury plainly believed otherwise, finding that Roth acted with the requisite intent.

” The greatest injury, my friends would say, is that by the time I left prison, I had turned my back on invention “
— Daniel Max Sherman

Backed into a corner, Sherman agreed to plead guilty to one count of conspiracy to violate the Arms Export Control Act. The magistrate sentenced him to 14 months. He did his time as inmate #32207-074 at a federal prison camp in Florence, Colorado, alongside former Enron CFO Andy Fastow, who worked in the barbershop.

Sherman says he took the deal in hopes that he could” put this shitstorm behind me and try to eventually rebuild a life, which I haven’t .”

” What does a offender do when they get out of incarcerate ?” he says when asked if he still practices physics.” They do building. I do remodeling and building, that pays the majority of my bills .”

Xin Dai got his Ph.D. in electrical engineering in 2006, and now works as a patent lawyer in Palo Alto. He did not respond to multiple requests for remark. Sirous Nourgostar is working as a researcher in the University of Wisconsin Madison’s Department of Nuclear Engineering. Truman Bonds is the president of a firm in Knoxville, which is successfully commercializing a carbon fiber oxidation project Sherman says he started back at Atmospheric Glow. Reached by email, Bonds declined to comment.

Atmospheric Glow was charged as a company, and pleaded guilty to 10 countings of conspiracy. On April 1, 2008, the firm declared bankruptcy. A few months later, AGT’s assets were sold off to a Connecticut firm for $125,000 cash, plus $ 200,000 in stock.

In the end, Sherman fell only short of earning his doctorate. Once the federal investigation began, the Air force stopped communicating with the AGT team. When the Ph.D. committee realized there would be no way for Sherman to publish his results, they told him it wasn’t worth going any further.

” The greatest damage, my friends would say, is that by the time I left prison, I had turned my back on invention ,” Sherman said.” I found a wealthy philanthropist here in town who wanted me to take over a high-tech project kind of as a pastime, and I did that for a little while until he passed away, and I haven’t done science since .”

Both Sherman and Roth speak about their plasma research with noticeable pride, although they both say it has largely disappeared.

” I will tell you that all the inventions that we came up with, to this day are still not being discussed in the public literature ,” said Sherman.” The technology could literally be 100 times more electrically efficient and 10 times stronger, but no one talks about it .”

” The technology in the U.S. has not advanced nearly as quickly and over as broad a scope as I think it should have ,” said Roth, who lists a number of civilian uses that haven’t yet been fully explored, including sterilization and decontamination in the medical and agricultural fields.

” At the time I was jailed, there were a bunch of tests showing that plasma actuators could reduce the drag on[ wind turbine blades] up to 30 percent ,” Roth explained.” In aerodynamic words, that’s a big decrease in drag. Over the last 50 years, they’ve been spending millions to get the drag on airfoils down simply a few percentage at a time .”

” If we can reduce the espionage and steal done by a small minority, we could get the benefit of the majority, who don’t .”
— Daniel Golden

On the other hand, Tom McLaughlin of the Air Force Academy says Roth’s technology, which he describes not as a brand-new discovery, but a clever “tool” based on the dielectric hurdle discharge plasma first reported by Ernst Werner von Siemens in 1857, had already reached what he considers to be its practical restrictions, at the least for his purposes.

” It was difficult to make it work at aerodynamic velocities of interest to us ,” McLaughlin told The Daily Beast.” It would at very low velocities but the faster you got, the less effective it became. I don’t think the occurrence led to the demise of the technology, we played out the technology and procured it wasn’t doing everything we thought it would .”

Dan Golden was glad that Dai and Nourgostar have stayed to make lives in America, saying that this is precisely the point that people often overlook when they talk about the danger of espionage at U.S. universities: The great majority of Chinese( and other) students who come to the States and earn their Ph.D.s stay for at the least five years after getting their doctorate. Some stay a lot longer than that, said Golden, entailing their inventions stay here, too.

” If you cut off China, you lose the benefit of all the research they do when they’re here. If we can reduce the espionage and steal done by a small minority, we could get the benefit of the majority, who don’t .”

The experience has obviously left an indelible impression on Roth, whose spouse Helen watches Tv in the other room as he recounts events more than a decade in the past like they happened yesterday.

Today, Roth’s life tends toward the ludditistic. He has a cell phone, but if he wants to set something in writing, he sends a letter. He has refused to get online since leaving prison for fear of” the potential misrepresentation of any kind of message they happen to come up with through these dragnets that they perform on people’s correspondence .”

Roth views his case as having been” politically motivated ,” and doesn’t think investigators had the necessary level of scientific sophistication to fully comprehend the nuances involved. If they had, he doesn’t believe he ever would have been hauled into court in the first place.

” Some of those attorneys were involved in pursuing people who were making bootleg alcohol and that was the kind of prosecution that they seemed to go after ,” Roth says.” I think they attribute China’s technical success to their stealing our technology, when in fact the Chinese are perfectly capable of developing and originating their own .”

Read more: www.thedailybeast.com

‘Fat Vincent’ The Dachshund Slims Down And Loves Life

3 days ago

A formerly obese dachshund is almost ready to strut his stuff straight into a new home now that he’s fell 21 pounds.

That’s a lot for the little puppy, who could scarcely stroll when he weighed in at 38 pounds and landed at Texas’ Harris County Animal Shelter eight months ago, after his owner died, according to CNN . The 7-year-old puppy, who became known as “Fat Vincent, ” had high cholesterol and was at severe danger for a slew of serious health problems.

Luckily for Vincent, Mary Tipton of Houston dog rescue group K-9 Angels Rescue was at the shelter when the pooch indicated up. She posted a photo of the enormous pup online, and a dachshund rescuer Melissa Anderson contacted her within 15 minutes, offering to foster the puppy and guide him on his journey to fitness. She’s been documenting Vincent’s adventures on Facebook since September.

His regimen includes a new, healthy diet, long walks and even water aerobics in Anderson’s pool.

It wasn’t easy at first. Vincent was “detoxing” after what Anderson suspects was an all-fast-food diet, and when she took Vincent out for walks, passers-by would attain mean comments and presume she was to blame for his weight.

These days, Vincent has a new love for strolls and a more upbeat attitude.

“He is the sweetest, funniest, happiest guy now, ” Anderson told CNN .

The pup even has a new nickname: “Skinny Vinnie.” He’s not up for adoption yet, according to ABC 6, though K-9 Rescue has plenty of other adorable puppies for adoption on its website.

Though most pets don’t get as plainly fat as Vincent, obesity is a common issue for cats and dog. The Association for Pet Obesity Prevention estimated in 2014 that 17.6 percent of dogs in the US were obese and 36 percentage were overweight. The numbers for cats also didn’t look good, with an estimated 28.1 percent obese and 29.8 percent overweight.

Many pet owners simply don’t realises when their pets have gained too much weight.

“Whenever their veterinarian tells them their pet needs to lose weight, they often can’t believe it because they don’t see it, ” Steve Budsberg, the director of clinical research at the University of Georgia’s College of Veterinary Medicine, said in an APOP release .

And though some people think it’s cute when a pet has a few extra pounds, excess weight can lead to serious health repercussions like diabetes, high blood pressure and arthritis.

The bright side is, if Fat Vincent can lose weight, your pet definitely can, too.

Read more: www.huffingtonpost.com

Trouble in Venice: can this trendy LA enclave reconcile a deep divide?

4 days ago

As the neighborhood inundations with tech workers and new wealth, its homeless population holds rising and a political battle is raging over what to do

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It is less than a hundred yards from the hipster restaurants, cafe, and giant street art installations of Main Street in Venice, California, to a straggly line of industrial warehouses and storage facilities where a homeless encampment has sprawled over an entire city block.

Tents and shopping carts filled with garb and possessions obstruct sidewalks and parking spaces along 3rd Street and Rose Avenue and prompt unceasing complaints from nearby residents as well as stares of astonishment from tourists. The encampment, home to people with nowhere else to go, is a constant reminder that all is not well in one of the fastest gentrifying neighborhoods in North America.

Outside in America about

Venice is the quintessential southern Calfornia beach community, an edgy, artsy pocket of the city of Los Angeles where industry, poverty and creativity have always procured a style to coexist. But it is also ground zero in a battle in which an unprecedented official effort to fight homelessness across Los Angeles is being met with growing skepticism, impatience, and, from time to time, outright hostility.

At public sessions, people are openly calling homeless residents lepers and likening Venice to Baghdad. Local elections being held tomorrow pit a popular incumbent city councilman, Mike Bonin, who has championed efforts to build new low-income housing and provide services to homeless person including showers, bathroom and storage space, against an energetic underdog, Mark Ryavec, who thinks the situation is spiraling out of control.

We see snowbirds in their RVs and young people from all over treat Venice as the campsite of America, Ryavec charged. I want to provide a bus fare to send them home, because theres no future for these people here.

The future certainly seems to belong to a new wave of highly paid tech employees, many of them working for Google or Snap, who have inundated into Venice now often nicknamed Silicon Beach and pushed rents and house prices through the roof.

Industrial warehouses have been transformed into luxury condos and shabby-chic restaurants. Abbot Kinney Boulevard, once a relative backwater where local restaurants struggled to obtain liquor licenses, has become one of the trendiest streets in the country, where coffee shop offer$ 6 lattes and tables at the hottest dinner places are booked out weeks in advance. Meanwhile, the homeless population maintains rising its closely connected to 1,000 people, by some estimates, and nearly 30,000 across the city of LA as a whole.

It is this stark contrast of extreme wealth and growing poverty that has pushed city and district leaders to take unprecedented action. After decades of doing little more than moving homeless people around and offering services so they dont starve or freeze to death, the political class is inducing the instance that aiming homelessness is both a moral and an economic imperative.

Michael Michael Munsterman from Oklahoma has been homeless in Venice, California, for six years. Photo: Dan Tuffs for the Guardian

Up to now, the electorate has been fully on board. An impressive 76 % of Los Angeles voters approved a bond measure last November to constructed 10,000 affordable housing divisions on 12 parcels of public land around the city, including one in Venice. The signs seem promising, too, for a countywide measure on tomorrows vote that would increase the sales tax by half a percentage point and raise more than $3.5 bn for homeless programs over the next decade.

In Venice, homeless residents surely feel the difference. Reynaldo, a 59 -year-old man who sleeps in a tent on 3rd Street, said he had friends who were being moved into housing and offered help by squads of social workers, mental health consultants and addiction specialists. He appreciated the free showers and noticed a far more conciliatory stance from police, who ride down 3rd Street every couple of hours during the day to make sure tents are packed away and not being used for drug-dealing or prostitution, but no longer conduct large-scale sweeps as they used to.

If youre polite and respectful to them, theyll be the same way to you, Reynaldo said.

Still, the political leadership is under pressure. On one side are residents who say they find homeless people urinating on their front lawn and allege, like Mark Ryavec, that the new city services are only depicting more homeless people in local communities. As Ryavec set it: I do not want to see the city of LA became the trailer park of last resort for everyone who has chosen either involuntarily or voluntarily to live in their vehicles.

And on the other side are advocates who have spent decades railing against what they see as an unnecessarily belligerent police presence and worry that the climate has not changed as much as the city asserts. Becky Dennison, director of the nonprofit Venice Community Housing, said the city was not doing nearly enough to slow gentrification. At the same time, she noted that the police continue to enforce a nighttime beach curfew, close the boardwalk to pedestrians at twilight and, under an regulation that came into impact last month, send people sleeping in their automobiles to one of just a handful of streets zoned exclusively for industrial use.

The idea that we are going to be able move people around and criminalize them doesnt cut it, Dennison said. We need to build and preserve affordable housing to protect the racial and economic diversity of Venice.

Josh Josh Corr from Las Vegas( left) and Laz from Miami( right) on Venice Beach, where they have been living for a year. Photo: Dan Tuffs for the Guardian

Such strong opinions have made for a vigorous and, at times, nasty political season. In the city council race, Ryavec has been accused, unfairly, of an association with Donald Trump because he briefly represented Trumps hotel interests as a lobbyist 26 years ago. He, in turn, has accused his challenger, sitting councilmember Mike Bonin, of working to cover up an MRSA infection outbreak at the 3rd Street encampment, an accusation that city and county health officials say has no basis in fact.

Much of the citys plan for Venice hinges on a new low-income housing facility now being developed on the site of a parking lot on Venice Boulevard.( It was one of the sites approved by voters in November .) But those schemes are under threat from yet another item on tomorrows election agenda a slow-growth vote initiative, championed by adversaries of mega-developments budding in Hollywood and elsewhere in Los Angeles.

If it passes, the initiative would freeze parts of the city planning process for two years and proscribe almost all the low-income housing developments, including the one in Venice. Its future prospects that both alarms and infuriates advocates of the homeless.

You cant complain for years and years that the city isnt doing something substantive about homelessness and then, when they do start acting, say youre against it, Becky Dennison said.

On the streets, people like Reynaldo are watching the battle unfold without too many expectations one route or the other. I merely live day to day, he said, and stay out of trouble.

This narrative was updated on 6 March to correct the location of Venices new low-income housing facility

Coachella day one: Kanye and Seal offer unlikely cameos in California sandstorm

4 days ago

Savages bring visceral performance and LCD Soundsystem complete their comeback on a day of guest appearances and anthemic covers

Guest appearances, rising cover-ups and gusty winds were the order of the day for Friday at Coachella where Kanye West and Seal made their way through the sandstorm to provide unlikely cameos.

Seal appeared on stage with LAs R& B curio Gallant to perform Seals made Crazy, and he assisted Gallant with his track Weight in Gold. While that went down well in the Mojave tent, A$ AP Rockys set, which was delayed and nearly canceled because of the high winds and sand blowing around, watched Kanye make a puzzling cameo. At the end of an impressive set by A$ AP Rocky, in which he operated through recent hittings such as Pretty Flacko Jodye and L$ D with the help of a barbershop quartet, Kanye appeared to play The Life of Pablo track Father Stretch My Hands Pt 1. But his vocals were barely audible and the crowd was instead treated to what amounted to a bizarre mime show.

Earlier in the working day on the main stage, Years& Years won over the crowd with their brand of dance-pop featuring defined closer King, while Foalss transformation from skittish indie outliers to full-blown stadium rockers seemed complete with a set that probably belonged further up the bill.

The Last Shadow Puppets set in the Mojave stood out for the theatrics of Alex Turner, who wore a mustard suit and ran about the stage weave in between the groups string section while flailing a tambourine in the air. In between switching from thanking the crowd for its generosity, then imploring them for more applause and informing them what key anthems were written in, the pair presented the songwriting craft that theyve sharpened on their new album Everything Youve Come to Expect. Charm, however, seems to be a quality that they still lack.

Sufjan Stevenss set was part technicolor sensory overload and proportion singer-songwriter masterclass, with dancers and neon decoration that brought a touch of the psychedelic to the desert. With ways including I Want To Be Well and Impossible Soul, “its one” of the days standout performances.

On the other side of the spectrum were Savages, who eschewed subtlety for a visceral and lapel-grabbing situated, with lead singer Jehnny Beth putting paid to the idea that the epoch of the frontperson is over. Walls of noise, feedback and roaring guitars provided the backing for Beth, who switched between performing in the crowd and creating slam poetry on Shut Up. Pummelling and unapologetically bruising, the bands live offering is much more than style and overly serious posturing.

Jack U certainly wasnt serious. While M83 allayed the crowd with their Imax electro pop, Jack Us set was loaded with more drops than a paratrooper regiment, as he remixed and re-jigged anything imaginable( the Imperial March, anyone ?), turning it all into one repetitive EDM showcase that was torturous or joyous, depending on your stance toward endless wobbly basslines.

LCD Soundsystems headline set assured them complete their comeback, picking up where they left off in 2011. Under a giant disco ball, they operated through Us v Them, Daft Punk Is Playing at My home, You Wanted a Hit, Tribulations and a brilliant version of Yeah, which descended into an acid home workout. The effectivenes of ways such as Someone Great was definitely still there, but it was the bands encompas of David Bowies Heroes and segue into Guns N Roses November Rain that defined their situate.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

5 days ago

Source:

Giuliani on whether FBI improperly surveilled Trump campaign

5 days ago

This is a rush transcript from “Fox News Sunday, ” May 27, 2018. This copy may not be in its final kind and may be updated .

BILL HEMMER, FOX NEWS: I’m Bill Hammer in for Chris Wallace.

The on-again, off-again summit between President Trump and Kim Jong-un, will it still happen?

( BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: We are looking at June 12 th in Singapore. That hasn’t changed, moving along pretty well.

HEMMER: We’ll discuss the about-face including the president just day after canceling the high-stakes Singapore summit with two top senators, Republican Roy Blunt of Missouri and Democrat Chris Coons of Delaware.

Then, President Trump and his legal squad call into question the Mueller investigation, indicating the FBI improperly snooped on his campaign.

TRUMP: If they had spies in my campaign, that would be a disgrace to this country. That would be one of the biggest insults that anyone has ever seen.

HEMMER: The chairman calls it spygate. What impact does this have on an interview with a special attorney? We’ll asks one of the president’s personal lawyers, Rudy Giuliani.

Plus, we’ll ask our Sunday panel about a new warning for Tehran.

MIKE POMPEO, Secretary of state: To the ayatollah and to the President of Iraq Rouhani and to other Iranian leaders — understand that your current activities will be met with steely resolve.

HEMMER: All, right now, on “Fox News Sunday”.

( END VIDEOTAPE)

HEMMER: And to our viewers and to our veterans on this Memorial Day weekend, welcome to Fox News in Washington.

There are fresh signs that the push is on to revive the historic summit between President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. Since Mr. Trump called off the meeting early Thursday morning, the sides have apparently been back in contact. North Korea and South Korea held a surprise second session on Saturday, along the DMZ, and a White House advance team is expected to leave maybe today for Singapore just in case.

Also this, the president saying last night, there is still a chance meeting on June 12 th could still happen.

Correspondent Kevin Corke starts our coverage live from the White House.

Kevin, hello.

KEVIN CORKE, FOX NEWS CORRESPONDENT: Bill, hello. From the North’s previous release of three American captives to its apparent decommissioning of a nuclear test site, the historic peace negotiations between the U.S. and North Korea seemed all but certain, and then unraveled, but perhaps now will happen after all.

( BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CORKE: Take you back to Wednesday night, following U.S. references to the so-called Libyan model of denuclearization which in turn led to a letter from the North threatening a possible nuclear showdown with the U.S ., President Trump huddled with his national security advisor John Bolton. It wasn’t long after, in fact, Thursday morning that we all read the president’s letter canceling the summit, adding that the U.S.’s nuclear abilities were massive and that he prayed to God they never have to be used.

Then Friday, a mere 24 hours later, a glimmer of hope as both the president and defense secretary Jim Mattis seemed to signal optimism the talks could happen after all following conciliatory statements from Pyongyang. All that just ahead of Saturday’s report that the leaders from the North and the South met and announced that Pyongyang’s commitment to the meeting and full denuclearization remains resolute, about which President Trump said this last night.

TRUMP: I think there’s a lot of goodwill. I suppose people want to see if we can get the meeting and get something done. If we’ve get that done and if we can be successful in the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula that would be a great thing for North Korea, it would be a great thing for South Korea, it would be great for Japan and great for the world.

( END VIDEOTAPE)

CORKE: Bill, advanced teams from Washington and Pyongyang are set to be heading to the region perhaps as soon as today, in advance to that meeting. By the style, that date is an interesting one, June 12 th, 1987. You may recall President Reagan famously told Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down this wall. Perhaps we’ll find a repeat of history this June 12 th.

HEMMER: And we’ll see if it happens. Thank you, Kevin. Kevin Corke reporting from the White House today — Kevin, thanks.

Joining me now is one of the president’s personal lawyers, Rudy Giuliani.

Mr. Mayor, therefore welcomed “Fox News Sunday.”

( LAUGHTER)

HEMMER: I understand you spoke with the president just a few hours ago. Is he too eager for this moment to happen?

RUDY GIULIANI, PRESIDENT TRUMP’S ATTORNEY: Well, sure he is, and I think he’s positioned it brilliantly. Even his adversaries believe( ph) of that.

I mean, he wouldn’t submit to that ridiculous commentary about a session on the nuclear battlefield. He canceled it and now we have Kim Jong-un back where he was before, talking about wanting to do it, meeting with the leader of South Korea. So, I don’t want to raise expectations, but I guess the president’s strategy has played out genuinely brilliantly in the most remarkable thing, he can do it with all these interruptions that I have to bring to him and Jay Sekulow, you know, this totally rigged investigation.

HEMMER: Yes, but did he carry a level of optimism with you? And just back to my question, is he too eager to make the summit happen?

GIULIANI: Well , no. I mean, somebody who’s too eager to do it wouldn’t have turned it down, wouldn’t have canceled it. I mean, he’s playing this like Ronald Reagan played Reykjavik and I believe his achievement would be as great or greater when it’s all finished.

Let’s hope.

HEMMER: OK.

GIULIANI: And it might take six months. Reykjavik didn’t happen in a day.

HEMMER: Right. You are right about that and there will be stops and starts along the way and we should be certainly aware of all that. But you said the summit needs to be decided before the Mueller matter moves forward, so let’s move to the Mueller now.

This weekend, you said you would not go forward with Mueller until you understand what was happening with an informant with the Trump campaign.

So, sir, what was this person doing with the campaign?

GIULIANI: Well, I entail, I don’t know that yet. I haven’t been told that.

I mean, it merely further reiterates what I’ve come to conclude after two months of being in this and the president plainly knew from very early on, which is this is rigged. I entail, you got 13 Democrats. You’ve got a focus on things that didn’t happen , no Russia collusion , no blockage, only defending yourself. And now, we are into the basis of it being illegitimate.

Look at Professor Calabresi’s article just a few days ago about his question whether there should even be an investigation because of the fact that they switched over from counterintelligence to criminal, and we don’t — I want to know, did they get in the evidence in that counterintelligence probe? I think they didn’t. So, you know, that was — casts doubt.

( CROSSTALK)

HEMMER: So, you know, when you say they you don’t think they did or they did not as you just referred to there. Do you have that on good datum?

Because there were two classified briefings simply on Thursday this week and I’m told no documents were depicted , no one has talked about the briefing. There was a short statement that was given by Adam Schiff and he read it off of a piece of paper.

So, I — what can you learn or perhaps now, what do you know about this informant?

GIULIANI: What I know is just what I speculate , not anything that has been said to me. No one has shared it with me. I’m positive they shared it with the president. But probably at this phase, it’s better that we don’t know.

We have to know, however before we can recommend to the president whether to be interviewed( ph ). When you look at the backdrop of this rigged investigation, when you look at how they treated Manafort, how they spun off into Cohen, how they are chasing things in the Middle East — I entail, the reality is, we are not going to sit him down if this is a trap for perjury. And until — we are convinced of that. And if they don’t show us these documents, well, we are just going to have to say no.

Let me emphasize, he wants to explain that he did nothing wrong. It’s us the lawyers who have to convince him that this is a trap.

HEMMER: So, take us inside that meeting with the president. What do you tell him? What does he ask you? What is that interchange then?

GIULIANI: First of all, my job has been to try and negotiate grounds for an interview. And we’ve is being done it. I entail, we have a team now not only with Jay, but with Jane Raskin and Marty Raskin. She’s taken — she has taken the load genuinely of doing the enter into negotiations with the Mueller people.

But the reality is that we have all become convinced, even though we began with the hope that this would be done in good faith that there’s too much here. Now, some of it is Mueller’s fault. Some isn’t. The whole thing with this investigation that was going on which we consider spy was done before Mueller got involved. But it completely taints his investigation.

HEMMER: Altogether you believe?

GIULIANI: Yes. I entail, what’s — you’ve got to ask, what’s the basis of the results of this survey. That and how about a leaked Comey report that turns out to come from a guy who is one of the biggest liars in the history of Washington.

HEMMER: Well, let me get back to Comey in a moment. James Clapper said this about what you are referring to on this informant this week.

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

JAMES CLAPPER, FORMER DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE: No, they were not. They were spying on — a term I don’t especially like — but on what the Russians were doing, trying to understand were the Russians infiltrating, trying to gain access, trying to gain leveraging and influence.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: Well, you call it a spy, they call it an informant. What’s incorrect with the government —

( CROSSTALK)

HEMMER: What’s incorrect with the government are seeking to figure out what Russia was up to?

GIULIANI: Nothing wrong with the government doing that. Everything wrong with the government spying on a candidate of the opposition party. That’s a Watergate, a spygate. I mean — and without any warning to him.

And now, to compound that, to make it into a criminal investigation, Bill, that’s why this is a rigged investigation. That’s why the chairman had been right from the beginning. Way back when the president said there was surveillance of his campaign, it turns out he was right. It was — it was human surveillance rather than technical surveillance, but surveillance nonetheless.

HEMMER: All right. So, strategy became clear back to James Comey. You’re going to put the credibility of the president up against the credibility of James Comey. In almost every day this week, the president has referred to Comey. He said this just on Wednesday.

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED State: The FBI is a fantastic institution, but some of the people at the top were rotten apples. James Comey was one of them. I have done a great service for this country by getting rid of him by firing him.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: So, on that same — on that same day James Comey tweeted this. He said: Facts matter. The FBI’s use of confidential human sources, the actual word, is tightly regulated and essential to protecting the country. Assaults on the FBI and lying about his run will do lasting damage to our country. How will Republican explain this to their grandchildren?

So, you are putting James Comey on trial and now listening to your talk today, you are also putting the government on trial based on that investigation saying it’s not legitimate. I understand where you’re coming from, Mr. Mayor, but how does this end?

GIULIANI: Well, first of all, it isn’t the government. It’s James Comey, Clapper, Brendan, the people took this investigation and turned it on a candidate.

Look, you can’t say you’re spying on the Russians if what you’re trying to do is to show the Russians are colluding, whatever the hell that means, with the Trump campaign. So, the snooping turned on the Trump campaign.

When it did that, the president should have been briefed. If he wasn’t, it’d be an outrage. And then at that point, the Trump campaign should have been briefed and be asked to cooperate , not treated like offenders when there was no proof of any collusion.

Now, we’re one and a half years afterward and there’s no proof of collusion. So, stop the investigation. Stop spending $20 million more.

HEMMER: If they do not — if they do not do that, does the president have to fire someone?

GIULIANI: The chairwoman is not going to fire him because that’d be the playing into the hands of playing the main victims, Watergate. They are the Watergate. The other people have committed the crimes.

What we have to do is go to court and seek protection from the court, if we have to do that. Our first thing is we sure as heck are not going to testify unless it’s all straightened out, unless we learned the basis of that Russian investigation.

They are not going to tell us because the basis is going to turn up when expected to Trump to be unethical or illegal. They’re going to have to tell us what they have found so far, the basis of the investigation — Russian collusion.

Here’s what they found: zero. Nada. Nothing.

The president — gee, maybe they should wake up and realize the president is innocent. That’s why he wants to testify and because of them, we don’t want him to witness because they’re not fair. They have rigged this investigation against him. Thirteen Democrats angry as heck and some of them there at Hillary Clinton’s funeral —

( CROSSTALK)

GIULIANI: I entail, when she was supposed to have a victory party.

HEMMER: We are a long way from an interview, aren’t we?

GIULIANI: Well, perhaps we’re not a long way from deciding we won’t have one. And then they’re going to have to go on what they have and everybody’s going to find out there’s not anything( ph ).

HEMMER: Yes. But other than the week — early in a week, you said if the summit matters chose, you could sit down in early July and may be part of Mueller’s report comes out early September. Is that timeline still viable?

GIULIANI: It is if we could get over what seems to be fairly monumental problems that maintain growing. Not — we don’t make them, Bill. They generated their own problems of this, what you want to call it, spygate, investigation, improper investigation of a candidate.

Why does everybody get all upset when they invade the Democratic National Committee, Republican do, and now they’ve invaded the Trump campaign , nobody’s angry?

HEMMER: Yes —

GIULIANI: They’re not — didn’t warn( ph) them.

HEMMER: If you sit for an interview, you could walk into a perjury trap. If you delay or if you say no based on your description today, Democrats can use this against Republicans in the midterm. Are you essentially boxed in on that schedule?

GIULIANI: Well, could be, but I don’t think so. I mean, here’s where we are. We have to be lawyers. The four of us, five of us have to act like lawyers and we have to give him legal advice.

He can induce the political judgment. Look, I could put a different hat on and talking here that too. His approval rating is the highest it’s ever been.

I believe the Democrat are going up a incorrect alley here. Republican did this to Clinton and it backfired.

The reality is the American people have come to the conclusion everybody else has — this investigation is rigged, it’s unjust, and if they have to choose on impeachment or not, the president is going to be constructing peace with North Korea, God willing, and we should all be rooting for that, they are not likely, but we are. I don’t consider — this could really turn on them and they are not going to have their impeachment congress that they want.

HEMMER: I have two more questions for you in that time I have left here. If you don’t sit for an interview you could face a subpoena. And I know you said you’ll challenge that subpoena all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court where you believe you will win because you believe you have the votes.

Who is the fifth vote at the Supreme court for you today?

GIULIANI: Well, I suppose on the constitutional issue it’s a close question. I think we win it, as does Ted Olson, who wrote an article about it in Weekly Standard, I think it was last week.

However, on the OLC question, mainly do they have the authority to do it? We can’t lose. I think we get all referendums, because the Justice Department defines the authority of the independent counseling. He doesn’t have his own authority. The Justice Department says, cannot issue criminal process to a sitting chairman. That’s the law basically all over the world for a head of state.

I can’t see how we lose that, Bill. I entail, maybe in the ninth circuit , not in a fair tribunal.

HEMMER: I pick one of your comments during the week, and you said he’s more likely to sit with Chairman Kim then he is with Bob Mueller.

( LAUGHTER)

HEMMER: Listening — you talk —

( CROSSTALK)

HEMMER: You described that as Korean perjury. I entail, just listening to, I don’t believe this interview will ever happen. Am I wrong, sir?

GIULIANI: No! If they are in a position fulfill us, it could happen. He wants to do it. So far, since I’ve been in this, all I see are obstacles that they are putting in the way. Starting with Cohen. I entail, what’s that all about?

And then going off about something about the Countries of the middle east, which turned out to be a software that was turned down by the campaign. I mean — and now the spygate, wow, we are going to get — and I don’t think they’re going to want to tell us about it because it’s so damn embarrassing.

HEMMER: Last question.

GIULIANI: I want to emphasize one more time —

HEMMER: Yes.

GIULIANI: Not to the FBI, leadership at the time.

HEMMER: Yes. Last question: do you think you’d give instruction to his defense since you came on board?

GIULIANI: Pardon me?

HEMMER: Do you have —

GIULIANI: I do. I guess I did. I believe I took over a good situation. I believe Ty and John Dowd had really done a good job. They got out of the way, all the disclosure of documents, and now, we can sit in a position and say, you don’t need them, also a way to resist the subpoena.

And I think they had — they have pretty much defined the fact that this interview had to be on our terms or we can’t do it.

So, I believe perhaps I dedicated it more structure. I kind of have known him probably better than they do. I mean, he and I are very good friends for 30 years.

HEMMER: Yes, very interesting.

GIULIANI: And I worked very heavily on his campaign, so I know — I know this great desire he has to testify. But I also know this is an intelligent human who’s was a lot of other things to do and I can’t stand it, as this interview is over, late today, I will wait for them to call me. I can’t interrupt what’s going on with — I can’t interrupt a briefing with Bolton and Pompeo. This is not important enough.

HEMMER: Mayor Giuliani, thank you for your time. Thanks for spending part of your Memorial weekend with us.

GIULIANI: Thank you.

HEMMER: Thanks.

Up next, two key senators react to the uncertainty of whether or not the Singapore summit will or will not happen.

( COMMERCIAL BREAK)

HEMMER: This week, President Trump canceled a long-awaited summit with Kim Jong-un, but hopes are still high that the two will satisfy. In a few moments, we’ll talking here that with Senator Chris Coons, a Democrat from Delaware, but first in studio with me here in Washington, Missouri Republican Senator Roy blunt on the Senate Intelligence Committee.

And, Senator Blunt, welcome back to “FOX News Sunday.”

SEN. ROY BLUNT, R-MO ., SENATE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE: Good to be with you, Bill.

HEMMER: You were just listening to Rudy Giuliani. What did you hear in there that you think is important, Senator?

BLUNT: Well, you know, I did hear Rudy Giuliani mention again that the president is not going to do — going to try to stop the Mueller investigation. He’d just like to have a come to a conclusion and I think that’s pretty much where I am and the whole country is right now.

Let’s get the facts, let’s get this done, find out what there was to find out and move on. And I heard him once again say that just like I’ve said, I don’t think we should make it impossible for the president to flame Mueller by congressional action because I don’t “think theres been” the right to do that. But I think it would be a foolish thing for the president to do to take that action that he probably has for the purposes of the Constitution.

HEMMER: The mayor suggested he’s not going to fire anyone.

BLUNT: Absolutely.

HEMMER: The chairman refers to this FBI informant matter as spygate. Should the government have an informant connected with the national campaign?

BLUNT: I think it would be fine to find out what the Russians were doing. It would not be fine to find out what the campaign was doing. I’m frankly concerned about a lot of the things we find happen between the FBI and both campaigns, getting involved with the Clinton campaign at two different times, both of which I thought reached questionable conclusions.

And then if you actually did have person trying to find out from the campaign “whats going on” in the campaign and who they were talking to as opposed to legitimately having reasons to believe that they should be there, we’ll see. It’s taking a long time to get this information from the FBI and frankly from the national security team.

HEMMER: Yes. On North Korea, you said this past week that the North Koreans like to pretend to negotiate. What was all of this about this past week, was that merely pretend?

BLUNT: Well, who knows? You know, it’s right out of the North Korean playbook. We’re in the three generations of that playbook now. Act like you want to negotiate and come up with some outlandish position of what that negotiation means and to continue efforts to wind up with early benefits to your side and not following through on what you have agreed to do, so, it’s not surprising I don’t guess.

What was likely surprising to them was the president’s arrangement initially to meet and then his willingness to say, hey, if this is the — it is not a serious meeting, I don’t want to have it. I do think some things need to happen here before we gratify and hopefully they will.

HEMMER: May be the Korean leaders session yesterday was another one of the surprises in a long listing of surprises. Your colleague, Democrat Bob Menendez, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, this came up on Thursday with Mike Pompeo and he said this about the Korean summit.

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SEN. BOB MENENDEZ, D-NJ, RANKING MEMBER, SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE: The art of diplomacy is a lot harder than the art of the deal. The reality is, is that it’s pretty amazing that the government has might be shocked that North Korea is acting as North Korea might very well commonly act.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: Sometimes I think that sounds like you would describe it. Is he right about that?

BLUNT: Well, I guess the quote is not all that surprising that you’d suggest that somehow the president isn’t reaching out the style he should.

I think the president has got the North Koreans in a place that any other chairperson might not have managed to get done. He’s very willing to reach out in new directions through the South Korean president, willing to meet with the North Korean president, but also willing to walk away. And I do think some things need to be decided before we have that meeting.

There needs to be a strong understanding of what both sides, what all three sides, frankly entail by denuclearization. We’ve get — the South Korean president I believe providing a great benefit in this discussion, unless we are not all communicating in the same way. You know, what does denuclearization mean? What do they expect to see happen?

And I suppose these talks can create outcomes. We need results and they need to be very visible before the United States creates any benefits.

HEMMER: It’s a very interesting commentary, I think you need a bit of trust here to get that back on track. We’ll see whether that happens.

On Iran, rapidly, Mike Pompeo set out a dozen items that he wants the Iranian regime to go ahead and gratify. Set them on screen, here’s a few of them, and these are big issues too. Abandon the nuclear program. Provide full access to inspectors, objective support for terror groups, and ballistic missile program, release U.S. citizens and on and on the list runs. A plenty of demands.

Iran has said it has no incentive to negotiate with the U.S. government that rends up a nuclear bargain. That seems like it’s a standstill.

If it is, what’s plan B?

BLUNT: Well, first of all, the nuclear — the agreement with Iran was an agreement that would allow them to eventually have a atomic weapon and it was an agreement that our government ever entered into in the way government entered into agreements. It was an agreement that the president said he was for understanding the Congress would never confirm the agreement we had just integrated into and we have to learn from what’s happened in 20 years with North Korea, what we don’t want to allow to happen with Iran.

We do not want them to be able to have a nuclear weapon. The current deal permits that. We do not want them to be testing ballistic missiles, which they are doing. And they have to stop this worldwide effort to create terror activity all over the world.

HEMMER: And you pressure the Europeans to go along with that?

BLUNT: Well, we’ll see how aggressive the president wants to be with the sanctions. It actually will depend on what we decide. Our sanctions will be against governments and businesses that deal with this Iranian government. It’s the number 1 state sponsor of terrorism and frankly for the last several years, “theyve been” financing that terrorism with the pallets full of fund that we devoted them back.

HEMMER: Senator, thank you for your time, especially on general holidays. Roy Blunt from Missouri, thank you, sir.

With me now from Wilmington, Delaware, Senator Chris Coons, a Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee.

And merely to continue on Iran for a few moments — Senator, thank you for your time.

You’ve said the nuclear bargain is not a perfect bargain. But do you consider what Iran has is being done? And you her what the senator simply listed off here, what’s incorrect with putting pressure on Berlin and Brussels and Paris?

SEN. CHRIS COONS, D-DEL ., SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE: Well, Bill, I agree with Secretary Pompeo and Senator Blunt that a lot of Iran’s behavior outside the nuclear deal in recent years has been alarming and is forcing us to taken any steps.

What I had wished the president had done is to recognize the benefits we’ve get from the Iran nuclear deal in constraining their nuclear programme and get us searching inspections of Iran’s nuclear activities and work more closely with our European friends, with the Germans, the French, the British to reach a second deal, a bigger deal that would rein in their ballistic missile program, their human rights violation in their is supportive of terrorism.

I completely agree that Iran is a bad regime that threatens our friends and conducts itself in ways that are unacceptable. I merely disagree about whether causing greater distance with our European friends by sanctioning them and some of their biggest companies is the right path forward.

HEMMER: But perhaps you could change minds, yes or no, Senator, on that?

COONS: Well, I hope that we will see President Trump end up demonstrating himself to be a dealmaker and not a deal breaker. But in this instance, I’ve heard from the diplomats from our key European allies that they are concerned that “America First” is turning into America alone and whether it’s in the path towards the Singapore summit with North Korea where our South Korean close ally was not consulted before the announcement was induced, or it’s in the path forward towards trying to ask restraint Iran’s behavior and Russia’s behavior that the close relationship we use to enjoy with Germany and France and the United Kingdom is fraying a bit.

HEMMER: Well, all these narratives intersect as you simply indicated there, too.

On North Korea now. Mike Pompeo said this on Thursday.

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MIKE POMPEO, Secretary of state: I guess the American team is fully prepared. I think we are rocking. I think we are ready. I think we are prepared for this meeting. I suppose President Trump is prepared for this meeting. We were fully, fully engaged over the past weeks to prepare for this meeting.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: Well, you know, it’s not easy stuff and Kim has since taken a different tune of sorts. Do you think this summit can be put back together, Senator?

COONS: I think it’s possible to have a constructive and positive summit, and I certainly opt President Trump’s choice now of diplomacy over threatening fire and frenzy, and I commend him and Secretary Pompeo for gaining the release of three Americans held in North Korea and recently another American released from Venezuela, and I certainly hope that he is successful.

But I would caution that if we go ahead without utilizing every ounce of leverage we have over China, we’re making a mistake. I was truly struck that President Trump this past week was tweeting that he was going to work with Xi Jinping to release some of the pressure on ZTE.

Let me explain how these two connect. North Korea critically relies on China. If we don’t have China putting maximum pressure on North Korea, I don’t think the summit will succeed. ZTE is one of China’s biggest telecom companies. They have repeatedly and intentionally contravened our sanctions against North Korea and Iran, and the Department of Commerce simply imposed a powerful sanctions against ZTE blocking them from getting U.S. material for six years. This is a moment where President Trump has China’s attention and should use it to extract concessions both on North Korea and on China’s ongoing stealing of our inventions and innovations.

HEMMER: But you will agree —

COONS: I hope President Trump goes to show himself able to do that.

HEMMER: Yes.

You would agree, though, with — with the Chinese cooperation thus far, with James Mattis’ pressure and the pressure from this president, we would not even be talking about a summit had all three of those things not even come together, correct?

COONS: That’s correct. It is a serious concession to North Korea to offer a summit. They’ve never had an opportunity to meet with an American chairman. It’s something they’ve long wanted to elevate them to an equal to the United States.

And it’s important that North Korea has given up a number of American prisoners as a confidence building measure.

HEMMER: Understood. Yes.

COONS: But — but let’s be clear, twice before North Korea under Kim Jong-un’s parent, committed to full denuclearization in six party talks in 2005 in 2007, as Senator Blunt just referenced, merely to then change their tune. So we’re going to have to be very focused, very engaged. I am hopeful that Secretary Pompeo will brief and engage Congress. And I’m hopeful that we’ll work together to make sure that this summit is a success.

HEMMER: Two more questions quickly.

If the president’s correct, should the FBI have an informant connected with any national campaign, Democrat, Republican or otherwise, senator?

COONS: A critical role that the FBI offer its counterintelligence. And when they began get evidence that the Russians were engaged in a broad campaign to try and influence the 2016 election, I think it was appropriate for them to use a confidential informant to investigate with the Russians were up to.

I’m struck that Rudy Giuliani continues to talk about 13 Democrat, 13 Democrat in a rigged election — in a rigged investigation, as he merely did on this display. Let me remind you, Robert Mueller, Rod Rosenstein, Chris Wray, this is the special attorney, the FBI director, the deputy attorney general, all lifelong Republicans, Robert Mueller, the special attorney, a decorated Marine combat veteran, someone who’s been unanimously confirmed by the Senate for senior law enforcement positions under both Republican and Democratic postures. To continue to undermine the credibility of the FBI and the Department of Justice in this way does not serve( ph) the interest of law enforcement or the rule of statute.

HEMMER: But his point was that President Trump — yes, I apologize for the interruption, I’m trying to squeeze in one more question.

His point is that President Trump should have been told about it. What’s incorrect with that?

COONS: Because President Trump and his actions in the campaign are potentially the focus of an investigation into obstruction of justice and collusion. I don’t think it would have been appropriate for there to be the revelation of investigatory information to President Trump or his personal lawyers, particularly classified information about a human intelligence source in advance of there being any decision about whether to move forward with any final conclusion by the Mueller investigation.

HEMMER: Well, final point here.

In a week where Jared Kushner was dedicates his permanent security clearance referred back to him, you were calling for Donald Trump Junior to come back to your committee and witness. You believe he’s lying. That is a strong charge.

COONS: Well, I’m —

HEMMER: About what, senator?

COONS: I’m concerned that in reviewing the transcript of Donald Trump Junior’s questioning by a staff members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, that there’s a clear tension between his firm answers that there was no efforts by a foreign power to provide assistance to the Trump campaign at recent reporting that there were meetings that he participated in where representatives of gulf states were offering some assistance to the Trump campaign. I do think that’s worth our questioning Donald Trump Junior again in front of the judiciary committee and it’s my hope that on a bipartisan basis we’ll continue these investigations.

HEMMER: OK.

COONS: As Senator Blunt just said, it is in everyone’s interest for these investigations to continue without interference.

HEMMER: Senator Coons, thank you for being here today, especially on this Memorial Day weekend.

COONS: Thank you.

HEMMER: Thank you.

COONS: Thanks, Bill.

HEMMER: In a few moments here we’ll bring in our Sunday group to talk about the nation of that North Korean summit in the new words for that Iran nuclear deal.

( COMMERCIAL BREAK)

HEMMER: Coming up, will they or won’t they? Just how serious are President Trump and Kim Jong-un about holding their historic summit?

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MIKE POMPEO, Secretary of state: I guess the American team is fully prepared. I think we are rocking( ph ). I think we’re ready.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: We’ll ask our Sunday panel what gets the satisfying back on track. That’s next here on “Fox News Sunday.”

( COMMERCIAL BREAK)

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: We’re talking to them now. They very much want to do it. We’d like to do it. We’re going to see what happens.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: President Trump striking a more optimistic tone on Friday, only 24 hours after he canceled that planned summit with North Korea.

Time now for our Sunday group.

Bret Baier, anchor of “Special Report, ” author of the new volume “Three Days in Moscow.” Adrienne Elrod, former director of strategic communications for Hillary Clinton’s campaign. Gerald Seib from The Wall Street Journal. And Jonah Goldberg of The National Review.

Good to have you all on a Sunday and general holidays weekend at that.

ADRIENNE ELROD, DEMOCRATIC STRATEGIST:( INAUDIBLE ), Bill.

HEMMER: Happy Memorial Day.

Gerry, I think the question of the weekend is whether or not this summit happens.

What do you think?

GERALD F. SEIB, THE WALL STREET JOURNAL :: Yes, and nobody knows. Someone in the administration told me yesterday it’s back on track. I said, well, does that entail it’s going to happen? He said, who knows. But I think it more likely than not because I guess the one thing we’ve learned in the last 72 hours is that both of the leaders, Chairman Kim in North Korea and President Trump here really want this thing to happen. And so that’s likely the most important thing and the dynamic.

Look, I think what was going on was the two sides were talking past each other in preparation for this and then they stopped talking to each other at all. Now they’re back to talking to each other. So, I — I don’t think it’s a certainty, I think it’s a likelihood that it’s going to happen.

HEMMER: I think your piece in The Wall Street Journal on Thursday said “lost in translation.”

SEIB: “Lost in translation, ” yes.

HEMMER: A plenty has happened since Thursday, Gerry.

SEIB: Exactly.

HEMMER: Jonah, to you. I guess the second biggest question is probably what Senator Blunt just referred to, and that is, can you get all three sides, North, South and the U.S ., to agree to something before you sit down? Can that happen?

JONAH GOLDBERG, NATIONAL REVIEW: Yes. So I think it was Monday, which seems like a thousand years ago, I was on this little demonstrate you might have heard of called “Special Report” and the host, I forget his name, asked what was the likelihood the summit’s going to happen and what was the likelihood that they’ll get something out of it. And my prediction was 90 percent, which was probably too optimistic that we get the summit, and then it was canceled two days later. But also 90 percent they don’t get any meaningful agreement that gets rid of nuclear weapons out of this thing. And I definitely stand by that.

North Korea has, for 20 years, defined denuclearization as basically getting America off the Korean peninsula for good, because, you know, America is a nuclear power. That’s what they mean by it. The administration, except for John Bolton, publicly has been harping on the word denuclearization as if it entails North Korea unilaterally only get rid of all of its nukes day one.

That ain’t gonna happen. This has been the central driving, defining issue of North Korean foreign policy and domestic policy for over three decades. It’s only — you can’t talk a nation out of abandoning what it sees as its strategic self-interest that way.

HEMMER: OK, so here is the president, Bret. He doesn’t require a name tag here. You’ve get that. Here is the president on Thursday on this.

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED Nation: Our very strong sanctions, by far the strongest sanctions ever enforced, and maximum pressure campaign will continue.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: My point to Senator Coons was, without this president leading on this, without James Mattis with the military aspect of it, and without the Chinese agreeing to crackdown on trade, we’re not even talking about a summit with North Korea.

BRET BAIER, CHIEF POLITICAL ANCHOR, FOX NEWS CHANNEL: Well, that’s right. And some of the more aggressive language and some of those speeches get you to the phase where perhaps North Korea changed its attitude. But I suppose the China part was the linchpin and its three-dimensional chess here. You’re talking trade with China, you’re talking these sanctions against North Korea and all of that is a pressure campaign that continues if they don’t sitting there. I think they do sitting there. But I agree with Jonah, North Korea’s inherent existence is because of the weapons. So something dramatic we would have to change to change that scenario.

HEMMER: And what about that calculous? Adriane, do you give this administration points for trying?

ELROD: Sure, of course I give this administration points for trying. And, seem, I entail, as an American citizen, there’s a lot of things that I don’t want President Trump to succeed at, as in his hardline immigration policy being one example. But I believe all Americans want him to succeed in this, which is why we want him to go at this in a very smart route. Consult with your advisers. Don’t wing it, like we’ve read in some reports that he was thinking about doing going into this summit. Like, let’s actually make this work and let’s try to solve this problem once and for all.

HEMMER: I guess when we woke up on Saturday morning I think we were all surprised with the fact that the Korean leaders had a surprise second summit. I mean that’s an show I think to all of us that they — they want something to happen here or something to move. What that aim, I do not know.

Just speedily to all four of you.

Bret, you think they do sit down.

BAIER: Uh-huh. And I don’t know —

HEMMER: So you think a summit happens?

BAIER: Yes, I do. And I actually think it might actually happen June 12 th, which is hard to believe, but I think that there is a warrant by both President Trump and Kim — Kim Jong-un to move this forward. Now, if they can do it quick enough, you wonder the results of that from a U.S. view.

HEMMER: Quickly, do you think it happens?

SEIB: I think it probably is going to happen. Again , nothing is certain in this business, least of all with these two leaders, but I think it’s more likely than not.

HEMMER: Just to quickly —

GOLDBERG: I think it happens and I don’t think it produces what we want it to produce.

ELROD: I think it —

HEMMER: Does not?

GOLDBERG: Yes.

HEMMER: OK.

ELROD: And I think it happens. But I think there’s going to be multiple cancellations along the way.

HEMMER: Well, Mayor Rudy Giuliani reminded the meeting that Reykjavik took six months only to negotiate before they sat down. There’s a good book about that. I’ve heard about that. And it wasn’t three days in Reykjavik.

All right, Gerry, on the Iran matter. Mike Pompeo laid out a dozen things that they want the Iranians to do. It is a big, tall order. Can this administration squeeze the Europeans to come around to their side of things?

SEIB: Well, appear, there’s two — two answers to that question. The European governments are not going to merely fall in line and say, yes, we’re with you on this. But on the ground, this is already happening. We had a story a few days ago that said European companies are already pulling back from Iran. They’re had begun to pull back on investments already made and they’re not inducing new investments because they know that they could be sanctioned by the U.S. and they don’t want to get caught between doing business with the U.S. and doing business with Iran.

So I don’t think it’s likely the European governments say, yes, we agree with you, let’s — let’s ditch this bargain. That’s not going to happen. But on the ground, there is already a kind of a freeze in European, Iranian business happening.

HEMMER: Very interesting. We’ll wait 90 or 180 days depending on the schedule as it’s laid out now. Thank you.

Panel, let’s get a break here. When we come back, President Trump and his team set their sights on James Comey. Can they derail the Bob Mueller-Russia investigation?

( COMMERCIAL BREAK)

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

RUDY GIULIANI, PRESIDENT TRUMP’S ATTORNEY: This is rigged. Comey had to be fired. Rosenstein recommended it. Mueller starts off with some pretty serious conflicts of interest. Some of which haven’t been explored yet, including some personal ones that he — that maybe he’s disclosed, maybe he hasn’t. But the main — one of the main ones being, “hes in” a room the day before with the president of the United States and Rosenstein, get rejected for the job of FBI director, and then gets opt the next day to run the most sensitive investigation in America. I don’t get it. Against the president.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: That’s Rudy Giuliani earlier this hour. President Trump’s personal attorney with us here. And we’re back now with the panel.

And, Bret, you had James Comey on “Special Report” two weeks ago. What you think about what we heard from Rudy Giuliani?

BAIER: Well, I suppose a couple things. One is saying that the president is not going to fire anybody, that’s pretty definitive I think in what Rudy Giuliani has said. Some of these interviews he says a number of different things about the results of this survey overall and what’s going to happen, whether the president will sit for an interview or not, or it voiced like it’s not leaning that way at this moment.

I’d be interested to know specifically what he’s talking about on the conflicts of interest for Mueller. And something tells me that will play itself out either on Twitter or the other interview.

HEMMER: It’s clear they’re going after James Comey. They’re putting his credibility on the line. And as the mayor said, we’re not going after the government, merely certain people in the government.

Does that strategy work for them?

GOLDBERG: I think it’s running this week. Look, I — I suppose a lot of the things that Rudy Giuliani said this morning to you were factually, logically almost grotesque at times. And — but the point is, is that he’s not playing — he’s calling himself a lawyer, but what he is doing — what he really is, is he’s a — this is — this is war by other means. It’s spin war. You’ve get — he has very effective spin. This is the first time in a long time I guess the Trump administration is actually starting to win some of these battles. I don’t think it’s inevitably grounded in a lot of facts.

And I think some of the things that Rudy Giuliani was doing today would not hold up to scrutiny saying, you know, of course we don’t know — he says, you know, Mueller hasn’t determined anything about collusion. And he may not have. But how would we know that? He says it as if we have already been — that we already know that he’s found nothing. The whole phase of the results of this survey is waiting to see what the results of this survey observes. Giuliani is very effective a spinner her. I don’t think he is a very effective debater on the facts.

HEMMER: With the argument on the informant, I thought he asked a very interesting question, what — did the informant find anything? And they’re — they’re waiting for that answer.

GOLDBERG: That’s a good question.

HEMMER: Yes.

Gerry, on Thursday, the president, as he is apt to do, gave us a moniker. Watch.

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED Nation: We now call it spygate. You’re calling it spygate. A plenty of bad things have happened. I want them all to get together. They’ll sit in a room. Hopefully they’ll be able to work it out among themselves.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: So there may be an IG report that comes out this week. It could be Tuesday or Wednesday, which could throw all of this back up in the air.

Is there a route, referring to Jonah’s point he was attaining there, that they can turn this against Bob Mueller and his squad effectively?

SEIB: Well, that’s why I think we’re at various kinds of an intonation point here because whether they can or they can’t, clearly the effort including the president and Rudy Giuliani is to do precisely that, to — and he used in the — in the conversation with you, he use “illegitimate” and “rigged” multiple times as words to describe what’s going on here in reference to the Mueller investigation as much as anything else. So I think they believe if they can get the spygate narrative running, that discredits Jim Comey, it discredits Rod Rosenstein, the deputy us attorney general, and by extension it will eventually discredit the Mueller investigation.

HEMMER: But it could be a problem for the Mueller side that you get there.

SEIB: Right. Precisely. Although you have to keep in mind that almost a year passed between the time this informant was use and Bob Mueller even came into existence as special counsel. So I — on the — on the merits of it, I guess Mueller is not tainted by this. But in the — in the public perception eyes, that may be a big problem.

HEMMER: Yes.

There was an intelligence briefing, two of them, on Thursday of this week and you had members of Congress come out and no one’s talked. Adam Schiff read from a piece of paper, Adrienne. This is what he said after that hearing.

( BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

ADAM SCHIFF, D-CALI ., HOUSE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE RANKING MEMBER: Nothing we heard today has changed our view that there is no evidence to supporting any allegation that the FBI or any intelligence agency placed a snoop in the Trump campaign or otherwise failed to follow appropriate procedures and protocols.

( END VIDEO CLIP)

HEMMER: Now, Adam Schiff has done hundreds of interviews on cable news since the president was elected, and he’s read from a piece of paper and no one has abruptly leaked in this town. Abruptly Washington , D.C ., is quiet. What are we to make of that?

ELROD: Well, I believe, first of all, Adam Schiff is trying to be very careful in the words that he’s use here. But he is simply saying, what we learned, what the Democrat, what Leader Pelosi and I learned in this meeting, for example, is that this was a very standard operating procedure that the FBI uses when they are investigating someone. So in this case they sent in an informant because they had every reason to believe that they might gain something, might learn some information by sending someone into this — to the Trump campaign.

So, again, this is not a snoop. This is an informant that the FBI utilizes all the time when they are investigating people, when they are investigating campaigns. Very standard operating procedure.

HEMMER: Jonah, speedily, what do you construct of this or what are we to —

GOLDBERG: I think it’s very interesting. It does feel like no one quite got what they wanted out of this meeting and that someone was told there’s a reason why we want to keep this stuff quiet.

HEMMER: What do you think?

BAIER: Yes.

First of all, it’s not usual to have somebody in or around a campaign while it’s happening. I guess the debate is that they were trying to figure out what Russia was doing. That’s the debate. But we don’t “know what youre talking about” he or she got from that.

HEMMER: No.

It’s good to see all of you.

Bret, Gerry, Jonah, Adrienne, have a great vacation weekend.

GOLDBERG: Thank you.

ELROD: Thanks, Bill. Take care.

SEIB: Thank you.

HEMMER: In a few moments here, our “Power Player of the Week, ” honoring America’s fallen with 24 musical notes.

( COMMERCIAL BREAK)

HEMMER: American flags by the nearly one-quarter million grave markers at Arlington National Cemetery.

It is a holiday tradition here when we profile a human who generated his own special program to construct every day and Memorial Day for our drop heroes.

Once again, he is our “Power Player of the Week.”

( BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

TOM DAY, BUGLES ACROSS AMERICA: When you’re playing it, it’s merely 24 notes, but it’s so meaningful to that family.

CHRIS WALLACE, FOX ANCHOR( voice over ): Tom Day is talking about playing “Taps” at the funerals of military veterans, and he should know.

He’s the founder and chairman of an organization called Bugles Across America.

WALLACE:( on camera ): All told, how many funerals have you done since you started Bugles Across America?

DAY: At 200,000.

WALLACE: Truly?

DAY: In ten years. Right.

WALLACE( voice over ): It started back in 2000, when Congress dedicated every veterinarian the right to a funeral with military honors, including two uniformed policemen to present a flag and play “Taps.” The problem was, the military merely had 500 bugler’s, so they sent someone to play a recorded “Taps” on a boom box or an electronic device inside a bugle.

Tom Day, who played in the Marines in the ‘5 0s, didn’t like it.

DAY: I call it stolen dignity that these veterans can’t get life “Taps” when we are out there ready to perform life “Taps.”

WALLACE: So he started his organization, recruiting 400 horn players within
a year.

DAY: Now we have 6,270 horn players. And we’re doing 2,200 funerals a month.

WALLACE: It’s become quite an operation that Day runs out of his basement near Chicago. Families can go on his website to ask for a bugler. A message is sent to every horn player within 100 miles of the funeral. Day devotes away bugles and helps with uniforms. While they get supporting from foundations, he operates a deficit every year.

WALLACE( on camera ): How do you make up for the shortfall?

DAY: I kind of make it up myself.

WALLACE: $15,000, $20,000 a year?

DAY: Likely ten. You finish. You’re the last of the 24 notes, you put the cornet down and the flag has been presented and then the family comes over. The kiss, the handshakes from these households, there is nothing — no amount of money could ever buy the feeling that I get from the family once I’ve finished the 24 notes.

WALLACE( voice over ): With soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan, plus 1,800 veterans of World War II succumbing every day, there is a inundate of military funerals. Day, who is 69, says he wants to keep going until he dies, then leave his organization in solid shape to carry on.

DAY: I want every family to have life “Taps” at that going away presentation of their veteran. And it kind of tells the Marines who are guarding the gates in heaven, live “Taps, ” we’re going to let this veteran right in.

( END VIDEOTAPE)

HEMMER: Since we first operated that tale nine years ago, Tom Day’s organization has grown to more than 5,000 active members who play at 4,000 funerals every month.

If you want to learn more, go to our website, foxnewssunday.com and there is more information online for you now.

Chris is back next Sunday.

And that does it for this day. But on the working day, take a moment to recollect all the men and women who have given their lives defending our liberty. And we’ll see you on the next “Fox News Sunday.”

END

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‘Caravan’ processions on unimpeded, despite Obama administration spending millions to assist Mexico control border

5 days ago

Though Mexico claimed simply four years ago it had “absolute control of the southern border, ” the planned stringent security checks appear to have broken down — or been bypassed — by the caravan of more than 1,000 Central Americans making such a way through the country en route to the United States.

The group, which is expected to reach the Mexico-U.S. perimeter by mid-April, has drawn the attention and ire of President Trump, who on Monday blasted Mexico for not use its “absolute power” to stop the caravan.

“Mexico has the absolute power not to let these large ‘Caravans’ of people enter their country. They must stop them at their Northern Border, which they can do because their border laws work , not allow them to pass through into our country, which has no effective perimeter statutes, ” Trump tweeted.

Many of the border laws Trump was speaking about were passed after a surge of unaccompanied minors from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras passed through Mexico on their way to the U.S. in 2014. The influx inspired the Obama administration to enact emergency measures to stem the flow on its side of the border.

Meanwhile, Mexico said it would also step up enforcement on its southern border, and planned to stop people from boarding freight train while opening new border control stations.

“Never before has Mexico announced a state policy on the border, and now it has, ” Interior Secretary Miguel Angel Osorio Chong told the New York Times. “It is absolute control of the southern border.”

Mexico’s Southern Border plan was to include “increased security at 12 ports of entry into Guatemala and Belize and increased immigration enforcement along known migration roads, including northbound develops and bus stations, ” according to an April 2016 report from the Congressional Research Service, which serves as the public policy research arm for Congress.

Since that rushing of illegal immigrants, the Obama Administration and Congress had set aside $130 million for Mexican border security, with at least half to support southern border attempts. But of that initial amount, only $20 million had been spent at the time of the report, “mostly in the form of nonintrusive inspection equipment, mobile kiosks, canine squads, and training in immigration enforcement.”

As the plan was implemented, officials also noted there was a “sharp increase” in the amounts of dreads and deportations of Central Americans in Mexico. In 2015, virtually 167,000 people from the three countries involved in the 2014 upsurge were comprehended, up from 102,000 the previous year.

In terms of the amount of people from those countries reaching the U.S. perimeter, officials noted that as Mexico stopped more people there was a drop off. In 2015, the number of dreads at the border fell from 239,000 in 2014 to 135,000 in 2015.

TRUMP DECLARES ‘NO MORE’ DACA DEAL AFTER REPORT OF CARAVAN WITH CENTRAL AMERICANS HEADING TO US

People arrive on a raft after intersecting the Suchiate river, a natural perimeter between Mexico and Guatemala. ( Reuters)

“These figures suggest that migration outflows from Central America remained fairly stable throughout FY2015, but fewer migrants reached the U.S. perimeter as a result of increased apprehensions by Mexican authorities, ” the report said.

But migration scholar Francisco Alba at the Colegio de Mexico in Mexico told The New York Times at the time the 2014 influx was almost impossible to stop.

“There is not really much the country can do about it, ” he told The Times. “It cannot really stop these flowings. Its tradition is to not have these tight controls and to have a relatively accommodating attitude toward migration, to a point.”

Central American migrants gathering before continuing their journey to the U.S. ( Reuters)

In 2016, the Texas Tribune highlighted the ongoing issues with Guatemala, where lax perimeter oversight has allowed not just constant migration but also the illicit trading of goods, which has helped to grow the economy in the country’s impoverished perimeter towns.

A paper in 2016 from Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy called “Mexico’s Not-So-Comprehensive Southern Border Plan, ” said Mexico shifted money away from the southern border program. In addition, Mexico also did not create virtually 200 planned economic development projects in its southern perimeter region, according to the report.

“Like similar policy initiatives previously implemented in Mexico, the CPSB is fading into oblivion, but not without leaving negative consequences on Mexico’s migration policy, ” the report concluded. “Even though the program did delay for some time the flow of migrants and potential asylum applicants to Mexico, a process that was already underway prior to 2014, the problem has not been solved.”

MEXICAN, US TOP OFFICIALS DISCUSS WAYS TO SEAL BORDER WITH GUATEMALA

Then, late last month, a new caravan began in the town of Tapachula, just on the other side of the border from Guatemala, and started heading north in hopes of entering the United States, either illegally or by asking questions asylum.

Organized by Pueblos Sin Fronteras, or People Without Borders, the caravan traveled through Mexico without authorization last week and authorities in Mexico have not yet attempted to stop the migrants, about 80 percent of them from Honduras, according to Buzzfeed News. As of Monday, the group was in Matias Romero, Mexico, about 1,000 miles south of the U.S. perimeter town of Laredo, Texas.

A member of the caravan told Buzzfeed this was going to be his third try at getting to the U.S.

“Going alone is risky. You’re risking an accident, get jumped by robbers, and even your life, ” Mateo Juan, 29, told BuzzFeed News. “All of that, and then you don’t are going to the United States. The caravan is slower but you know you’re going to get there safely.”

Juan had previously been pulled off a bus headed towards the U.S. border by Mexican immigration policemen, he told Buzzfeed.

National Border Patrol Council union chief Brandon Judd told “FOX& Friends” on Monday that the migrants’ hopes are riding on the benefits of catch and release, in which illegal immigrants are initially detained in the U.S. but then soon released while they await tribunal hearings.

“Well when they come here and they ask for asylum, we’ll take them into detention, we’ll do hours’ worth of processing and then we’ll turn them over to ICE, and then ICE will release them, based upon what they call a credible dread and then they’ll melt into the darkness, ” he said.

Mexico’s foreign minister, Luis Videgaray, fired back at the affirm “his countrys” wasn’t doing enough to stem the tide of the caravan, saying in a tweet: “Every day Mexico and the US work together on migration throughout the region.”

Travis Fedschun is a reporter for FoxNews.com. Follow him on Twitter @travfed

Read more: www.foxnews.com

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More Drones for Hire Coming to U.S. Skies in Landmark Rules

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The Obama administration is opening U.S. skies to more commercial dronings with long-awaited regulations that the government hopes will spawn new businesses inspecting bridges, monitoring harvests and taking aerial photography.

In the most comprehensive defined of rules yet for the burgeoning unmanned aircraft industry, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration on Tuesday went far beyond its original restrictive proposal issued last year. Droning operators will be able to petition relevant agencies to fly beyond the horizon, at night and over people if they can show such flights are safe.

“We are in the early days of an aviation revolution that will change the route we do business, keep people safe, and gather information about our world, President obama said in an interview with Bloomberg News. This is just a first step, but this is the kind of innovative thinking that helps make change work for us — is not merely to grow the economy, but to improve the lives of the American people.”

Low Flights

The regulations could be a boost for drone manufacturers such as SZ DJI Technology Co. of China, the worlds largest. U.S. companies that have been working with the FAA on expanding droning operations, such as PrecisionHawk in Raleigh, North Carolina, and AirMap Inc. of Santa Monica, California, also stand to benefit.

The new regulations, which will become effective two months from publication in the Federal Register, took years to craft and are seen as a critical step toward realise the potential of dronings to perform such undertakings as monitoring crops, inspecting power lines and pipelines as well as assisting government agencies in disasters.

The basic rules permit merely low-level flights that remain within sight of an operator or nearby assistant and dont go over people. Drone operators-for-hire will have to pass a written exam and be vetted by the Transportation Security Administration — but no longer need to be airplane pilots as current statute requires. Drones under the regulation must weight less than 55 pounds( 25 kilograms) and maintain velocities below 100 miles( 161 kilometers) per hour.

Click here for more on droning rulemaking by Bloomberg Intelligence.

Allowing a device to be within eyesight of an assistant — a change from the proposed rules industry advocates won in the final version — means an operator can guide a droning by its video signal.

Drone package deliveries by companies such as Amazon.com Inc. and Alphabet Inc.s Google Project Wing arent allowed under the regulations until the FAA writes separate rules governing their employ. Similarly, the limitations in the regulations wont initially permit longer flights for agricultural flyovers, pipeline and utility inspections and news media photography over crowds.

However, the agency heeded industry comments to its earlier proposal and added flexible so that many such activities would be permitted under a waiver program, FAA Administrator Michael Huerta said in a telephone briefing.

Our focus is to make this as streamlined as possible, Huerta said. The bureau will open an online portal through which applicants can learn how to file for waivers, he said.

Solving the more complex problems inherent in drone deliveries — which envision autonomous vehicles buzzing over highly populated areas — is a very active research program, Huerta said. He declined to set a schedule on when such flights would be permitted.

While the rules dont apply directly to hobbyists, who dont need a license to fly if theyve registered their drones with the FAA, it lays out the governments authority to enforce aviation regulations on all unmanned aircraft.

Symbolic Victory

Drone-advocacy groups called the regulations a symbolic victory that paves the route for those future utilizes. The Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International trade group forecasts dronings will render $82 billion in economic value and generate more than 100,000 new jobs in the first 10 years after widespread flights are approved.

QuickTake: Domesticating Drones

This is a watershed moment in how advanced technology can improve lives, Brendan Schulman, drone maker DJIs vice president of policy and legal affairs, said in an e-mailed statement. After years of work, DJI and other advocates for reasonable regulation are glad to see that the FAA now has a basic situate of rules for integrating commercial drone operations into the national airspace.

The FAAs decision to drop-off a requirement for a pilots license is a significant win for the industry that opens it to many more operators, Diana Cooper, PrecisionHawks senior director of policy, said in a web posting.

I regard it as a significant milestone, said AUVSI President Brian Wynne, who had been pushing FAA to issue the regulations for years. Well accelerate the process of understanding what the risks are that will allow us to move on to more complex operations.

For some companies, the rules didnt move fast enough. We still have a long way to go, specifically when it is necessary to long-distance, or beyond visual line-of-sight, dronings, Tero Heinonen, chief executive officer of Sharper Shape Ltd ., a Finnish-based company that has begun power-line inspections in Europe, said in a statement. The company expects to apply to the FAA for a waiver within months, Heinonen said.

Ahead of EU

The release of the rules puts the U.S. ahead of Europe in setting standards for the drone industry. The European Union has yet to adopt comprehensive rules for civilian drones, according to the European Aviation Safety Agency website. Individual nations have imposed restrictions, but they differ across perimeters. EASA is trying to develop rules by 2017.

The FAA has already convened groups to study how to eventually let such flights without waivers. Test programs are examining how to: approve long-range drone flights in which an operator steers with video images; construct unmanned craft safe to fly over people; and expand agricultural uses.

The Obama administration also announced new federal initiatives with NASA, the FAA and other government agencies to study how to broaden drone uses for undertakings such as disaster response and environmental monitoring. NASA is already developing an air-traffic control system for low-altitude drones.

Privacy Concerns

Privacy fears will be addressed by a new government campaign to train operators and businesses. The National Telecommunications and Information Administration last month issued non-binding privacy policy suggestions. Commercial drone operators will be tested on privacy issues as part of their license, according to the Obama administration.

The FAA has permitted commercial drone operations — those conducted under hire, as opposed to recreational flights by hobbyists who dont require a license — since September 2014 under a case-by-case exemption process ordered by Congress. Drone operators under this programme had to have a traditional pilots license. As of June 2, the agency had awarded 6,004 such permits to fly dronings commercially.

The new regulation permits a far easier acceptance process and is expected to swell the ranks of commercial operators. The agency is falling certain requirements for a pilots license, relying instead on a simpler knowledge exam. F-AAapproved drone operators will have more leeway to fly different droning models and multiple missions.

Major Step

The regulations also will promote safety at a time when hundreds of thousands of hobbyists are flying with limited FAA oversight, Wynne said. There were more than 1, 200 reports of droning safety incidents last year, including flying too close to airliners, according to FAA.

The new regulations codify what up to now have been set about as FAA policy statements and interpretations. All dronings are aircraft and subject to FAA enforcement actions if operators are reckless or fly in prohibited zones, according to the agency.

We need an attitude of professionalism where people are working to improve the safety record all the time, Wynne said. People who procure FAA drone-pilot certifications will now have an economic incentive to assist police the system, he said.

Operators will be restricted to flying below 400 feet, more than five miles from an airport without procuring FAA permission and must keep the device within sight — restriction flights to roughly a one-quarter mile.

Bloombergs full interview with Obama will be published on Thursday.

Read more: www.bloomberg.com

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